Trichoptera

Synonyms: Phryganoidea, Phryganeida Common name: caddisflies

Small- to medium-sized mothlike insects; head with setaceous antennae, reduced mandibulate mouthparts, and usually small compound eyes (large in some males); prothorax small, two pairs of wings almost always present and covered with hairs, held rooflike over body at rest, legs identical with five-segmented tarsi.

Larvae aquatic, usually eruciform (portable case-dwelling species) or campodeiform (fixed retreat and free-living species). Pupae mostly decticous (sometimes adecticous) and exarate.

Close to 11,000 species of Trichoptera have been described, including some 1400 species in North America, 500 in Australia, and 200 in Britain. The order has a worldwide distribution.

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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