S

35S labelling, 69, 70, 73, 140, 5.5 Salicylaldehyde, 174,10.19 Sandflies (Diptera), 105 Saponins, 113, 165,7.13 Sarpedobilin, 138 Scale insects, see Homoptera Scarites subterraneus, 37 Schemochromes, 132 Schizura concinna, 21 Scolopendra subspinipes multilans, 64-65, 129, Plate 5, 4.15, 8.10 Secondary metabolites def., 1 Seirarctia echo, 169 Semiochemistry, 4, 51 Sequestered substances from plants,

161-174 Serine, 19,21,48 Serotonin, 128-129, 8.9 Sesquiterpenes, 85,94-99,6.17,10.19 pheromones, 96-97, 6.20

Sesterterpenes, 85, 107, 7.4 Shellac, 98, 134 Shikimic acid, 6, 69,1.1 pathway, 121-123, 8.1 Silk, 176

Sinigrin, 170,10.13 Sitosterol, 110, 7.8 Skatole, 126, 8.5 Social insects, 37, 61 Solenopsins, 146-147, 9.5, 9.6 Solenopsis ants, 148 fire ants, 146, 9.5 thief ants, 147, 9.7 Solenopsis geminata, 146, 9.5, 9.6 Solenopsis invicta, 64 Species recognition, 125 Specific activity def., 70 Specific incorporation, 70, 112 Spermidine, 151, 164, 9.14,10.4 Spermine, 151, 9.14 Spider mites, 90 Spiders, 52 sex attractant, 52 venom, 128, 151, 152, 155, 9.14 Spodoptera eridania, 39, 3.18 Spodoptera exigua, 158 Springene, 104, 105, 7.1 Squalene, 108, 114, 7.5, 7.6 Stearic acid, 28, 32, 38,48, 51, 81, 82,

3.1, 3.15, 3.33 Stegobinone, 84 Stegobium paniceum, 84 Stenus comma, 151 Stenusin, 151, 9.13 Steroids, 6, 12, 109-116,1.1,7.7-7.11 as insect nutrient, 110, 7.8 as defensive secretions, 111-113, 116

as pheromones, 111 Stigmasterol, 110, 7.8 Subcoccinella vigintiquatuorpunctata,

148, 159 Substrate, 10, 33 Succinyl Co A, 138 Sulcatol, 94, 6.16

Sulphatase, 170 Symbionts, 67, 98, 135 Synomone def., 4

Taste receptors, 23, 2.21 Tenebrio molitor, 67 Termites, see Isoptera Terpenes, 85, 158,1.1 degraded, 94, 6.16 Tetradecenyl acetate, 44, 3.23 Tetrahydrofolic acid, 19, 21, 109,

137, 2.15, 2.16 Tetramorium impurum, 76 Tetraponerine ants, 148 Tetraponerines, 148, 9.10, 9.11 Tetrapyrroles, 138, 8.20 Tetraterpenes, 85, 116-118, 7.16 Thiamine diphosphate, 17, 88, 2.11, 2.13

Thin layer chromatography, 171, 10.16

Thioglucosides, 93 Threonine, 152

129-130, 8.10 Tocopherol acetate, 156, 9.21 Transaminase, 19-20, 2.17 Triatoma bugs, 126, 8.5 Tribolium confusum, 40 Trichoplusia ni, 43

Trichoptera (caddis flies), 62,126,130 9-Tricosene, 40, 41, 3.20 Triglycerides, 28, 42, 3.1 Triterpenes, 85, 108-110, 171,10.17 Tritium labelling, 26, 41, 76, 87, 2.25, 3.20

Trogoderma beetles, 37, 3.12 Trogoderma granarium, 37 Tryptophan, 121, 125-128, 139, 144,

151,8.5 Tuberolachnus salignus, 135 Tyrophagus putrescentiae, 91, 6.11

Tyrosine, 123, 127, 130-132, 134, 137, 140, 151,8.2, 8.3

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