These dark, smoky-winged species are much smaller than dobsonflies (see above) and have no ocelli. Adults are often found resting on waterside vegetation.

• I A I K CYCLF Females lay large egg masses near water, into which the hatched larvae drop. These aquatic larvae take one year to mature. They have seven pairs of feathery, lateral gills and a single tail filament at the end of the abdomen.

• OCCl RRFNCF Worldwide, LARVAK have especially in temperate regions. well-developed In ponds, canals, streams, and legs and arc slow-moving water. good crawlers.

blunt, square veined wings st SPKCIKS are common in the Northern Hemisphere. Fully grown larvae crawl out of the water and pupate in damp soil above the water margin.

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