Assassin bugs

I hese bugs get their name from being highly predacious. They vary from being stout-bodied to very elongate with threadlike legs. Most species are dark-colored but some may have bright markings. The head has a short, curved, three-segmented rostrum. The front legs are strong and shorter than the others - ideal for gripping prey.

• I JIT CYCLE I lp to 50 eggs are laid in cracks or crevices or in soil, or are glued to foliage. They may be guarded by the males.

• OCCl KKENCE Worldwide, especially in subtropical and tropical regions. In a wide variety of habitats.

• KEMAKk Certain blood-sucking species carry Chagas' disease, which can cause heart failure.

• long slender legs

Garden a melanarthri m belongs to a group of small, very slender species that live on plants, in leaf litter, and in caves. Some live in spider webs, feeding on the trapped prey.

strong, relatively é short front legs strong, relatively é short front legs

bright markings

P/ATYMERIS lil(¡un large species that is kept in laboratories and as a pet. Its saliva is toxic, and can cause temporary blindness.

yellow upper surface o f head yellow pronotum dark body •—.

black and orange bands around edge of abdomen

CENTRASl'lS SPECIES arc native to Mozambique and Ciuinea. The three species in this genus hunt for insect prey on the ground and among vegetation.

yellow upper surface o f head

• antennae have four segments strong front legs for » holding prey

• antennae have four segments strong front legs for » holding prey short, curved, three-segmented rostrum short, curved, three-segmented rostrum

Rhinocoris Alt a jaudi, like many assassin bugs, can make sounds by rasping its rostrum on a special file on the underside of the thorax.


No. of species 300

large eyes

No. of species 300

Shore bugs

I hese small, oval bugs arc mostly brown or black in color. The head often has a long rostrum and large eyes with a notch in the hind margin. Shore bugs can jump to escape predators.

• LIFE CYCLE Females lay eggs at the base of various grasses or in moss. Some nymphs burrow.

• OCCl JRRENCE Worldwide. On muddy margins of salt marshes, streams, and ponds. On the seashore, among vegetation and seaweed.

large eyes dark, shiny head and thorax flat, oval body

Salduia spkciks are found at the edges of freshwater pools. They have distinctive patches on the wings.

Length 1/4_y4¡n (0.6-2.2cm)

Feeding habits 0



No. of species ¿ qqq

Feeding habits £

Shield-backed bugs

I hese often-colorful bugs can resemble beetles. Their bodies are typically convex and either rounded or elongate and oval. The shield-shaped middle part of the thorax (scutellum) is very large, almost covering the abdomen.

• life Cycle Rounded eggs are laid in batches and stuck to plants. Both adults and nymphs are sap-suckers and sometimes feed in groups.

• occl jrrence Worldwide, mainly in warmer regions. On vegetation.

• remark Several species are pests of cereal crops and cotton.

No. of species ^qq

• antennae have five segments dull metallic-green coloration with * blue spots large, shield-shaped j* scutellum

Feeding habits 0

No. of species ^qq

• antennae have five segments dull metallic-green coloration with * blue spots large, shield-shaped j* scutellum caluphara spkciks have the beetlclikc look typical of this family. They are found in Australia, New Guinea, Indonesia, and the Philippines.

Feeding habits 0


i pronotum expanded at sides

Lace bugs

I hese small, grayish bugs are distinguished by lacelike patterning and sculpturing on the upper surface of the wings. The pronotum can extend, hoodlike, over the head.

• LIFE CYCLE Eggs are inserted into the tissue of host plants. The females of some species show complex maternal care of both their eggs and young.

• OCCURRENCE Worldwide. On herbaceous plants and trees.

• REMARK Many species arc-pests, but some are used as control agents to destroy weeds.

> Ting/s cardi / is a British lace bug that feeds on thistles. The body sometimes looks pale gray due to a covering of light, powdery wax.

h h il ! il i pronotum expanded at sides

<dl ri i'hysia fouacra, with its typical lacy wings, prefers ivy as a host. It was found in North America lor the first rime in 1()87.

round eyes

than head tapering ahdornen

squat body

0rder Hkmiptkra


No. of species

Feeding habits

0 0

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