Clearwinged moths

Some of these moths closely resemble wasps or bees. Their bodies are mainly black, bluish, or dark brown with yellow and orange markings, and their abdomens are often banded. 'They produce a buzzing sound during flight, which further emphasizes the mimicry. Some species even pretend to sting. Large areas of the wings arc transparent, dark scales being present only along the veins. The end of the abdomen may have a fan-shaped tuft of long scales, and the antennae often have expanded or clubbed ends.

• LlLL CYCLE Lemalc clear-winged moths typically lay eggs on the trunks, stems, or roots of trees and shrubs, and the caterpillars burrow inside. When the moths first emerge from their pupae, their wings arc fully covered in scales; the bare patches appear during the first flight.

• OCCURRENCE Worldwide. Around flowers or near their host plants.

• REMARK Many species, such as the Peach Tree Borer {Synanthedon exitiosa), arc-pests of fruit and other trees and shrubs.

thick black antennae

Caterpillars are pale, with a head much smaller than the thorax.

golden yellow forewings •

large transparent

SHSIA APIFORMIS, the I lornet Clcarwing, is a very convincing hornet mimic. It is found across the Northern Hemisphere, where its caterpillars damage the trunks and roots of poplar and willow trees.

dark scales present only along veins stout, yellowish brown legs band of brownish scales on wing margins

fan -shaped tuft * of long scales

AAl.BllNA OBHRTHIIRI is a large moth from Australia's Northern Territory. It has distinctive hindwings - clear but with a noticeable yellow bar at the front - and an obvious abdominal tuft.

black and orange- • yellow bands on dear hindwings orange-and-black abdomen

dark triangles on distinctive dark green formings •

black-and-white marks at base of forming •

Wingspan (3-15cm), most under 4in (10cm)

Larval feeding habits

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No. of species ^ qqq

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