Derbids

Many derbids are brightly colored yellow, brown, and pale brown. They have thin legs, a small head, large eyes, and typically long, narrow wings.

• LIFE CYCLE Little is known, but some species may lay eggs in wood, plant debris, or bark crevices.

• OCCl JRRENCE Worldwide, especially in tropical and subtropical regions. On trees, flowering plants, and woody fungi on rotting wood.

long wings are held', rooflike, over body at rest mail head l)lHlit ¡.ON GIT 11 DINAI.IS has the fragile, mothlike appearance typical of derbids. It is found in Bolivia and Ecuador.

Feeding habits 0

many species have brightly colored hindwings

0rder hemiptera

I Fami,y eulcjoridae

No. of species qqq distinct marking across all of forewings camouflage coloring on forewings phrictl s quinquepartitl s, with its colorful wings and unusual head, is found on vegetation in Panama, Brazil, and (Colombia.

FlJLGORID BlJGS

1 he most distinctive feature of many of these bugs is the long head, which may be very strangely shaped. At rest, fulgorids blend into their surroundings; if disturbed, the eye-spots on the hindwings can be flashed to deter predators.

• IAFE A ,E Eggs are laid on host plants, surrounded by a protective secretion.

• Occurrence

Tropical and subtropical regions. In vegetated habitats.

distinctively elongate, bulbous head large, contrasting oddly shaped head A11 'IGOR A I ATT RNARIA has a bulbous head that was once thought to glow. It comes from Central and South America and the West Indies.

0rder hkmiptkra fami|v mkmbracidak

No. of species 2 SOO

Tkhhhoppiîrs protruding hindlegs lateral spine speckled green coloration

large, dome shaped pronotum wings tucked along hody black marks on central ridge of pronotum

rentra! ridge o f large, spinelike pronotum

1 he arboreal habits of these insects is obvious from their common name. Also known as thorn bugs, these insects are mostly green, brown, or black. Some, however, are brightly colored. They are distinguished from other bugs by the shape of their pronotum. This varies from a thorn or spine, which makes them difficult for a predator to eat, to a large and complex structure that may act as an effective disguise. Nymphs do not have an enlarged pronotum, but may have dorsal spines or lateral expansions.

• I JFK CYCKK Treehopper eggs are deposited inside plant tissue, and the young go through five nymphal stages before reaching adulthood. Trcehoppcrs feed in groups and suck plant sap. They arc often attended by ants who "milk" the nymphs for their carbohydrate-rich excrement (honeydew). In return for the food, the ants guard the treehopper colony.

• ()CCl IRRKNCK Worldwide, mainly in warmer areas. On trees in a variety of habitats.

V antianthb: ixi'ansa, from Guatemala, has an effective camouflage device. As seen here, rows of bugs sit feeding head to tail, so that the spines point the same way and make the bugs look like part of a plant.

large, dome shaped pronotum wings tucked along hody black marks on central ridge of pronotum

A IJ M HON I A SPKCIKS are found in South America, parts of North America, and Southeast Asia. The shape of the pronotum varies but is often spine-like and very sharp - sharp enough, for example, to penetrate shoes and puncture skin.

lateral spine protruding hindlegs lateral spine speckled green coloration wings rentra! ridge o f large, spinelike pronotum

> //l.mik) it/ia margin ata is a Brazilian native. Viewed from above (as shown here), only the large, thornlike pronotum is clearly visible, which deters birds from eating it.

large, thorn-shaped spine on pronotum head tucked antennae, with four to six segments wingless adult female young being born cornicles

adult, with pale underside white, powdery wax

0rder Hkmiptkra

Family ALKYRODIDAK

No. of species j 200

Feeding habits

0rder hkmiptkra

Family API! 11)1 DAK

No. of species 2 ?50

Feeding habits

0 0

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