Dysderil spiders

Most of these spiders have six eyes, arranged roughly in a circle. The chelicerae are often large, and the long fangs arc sharp enough to pierce tough cuticle. The abdomen may be pinkish gray or patterned. Most are nocturnal and hunt on the ground or make tubular silk nests in cavities in bark or wood or among stones. In tube-nesting species, threads radiating from the nest entrance trip up passing prey.

• life Cycle Females may wrap their eggs in silk, and the eggs are always kept inside a silk-lined retreat. •()<:< :i RRENC:E Worldside. In varied habitats, in natural cracks and crevices in bark and wood and among stones.

• REMARK Tube-nesting species in the genus Segestria are sometimes placed in a separate family.

large fangs brick-red carapace

reddish legs elongate grayish abdomen large fangs

DrsniHA choc ATA is common worldwide. Species in this genus are known as woodlicc-eating spiders as these crustaceans form the largest part of their diet.

brick-red carapace reddish legs elongate grayish abdomen

Family HKTKROPODIDAK

No. of species j qqq olive-green legs with dark spine.

broad, pale-

rimmed carapace male spider resting on tree bark

long legs relative to body eight eyes drab coloration

A HETEROEODA SPECIES are often imported in crates of bananas. They have been known to bite warehouse workers but are not dangerous.

< HETEROEODA VENATORIA is a widespread species that is helpful to humans in tropical regions as it eats small scorpions and cockroaches.

hairy cephalothorax hairy abdomen

Feeding habits ft

Length %_y4in(i_2cm)

Feeding habits ft

0rder Arankak

Family HKTKROPODIDAK

No. of species j qqq

0rder Arankak

Family ERKSIDAK

No. of species j 20

Huntsman spiders

Most species in this family arc drably colored, with mottled patterns. The carapace is typically as wide as it is long and, like the abdomen, is flattened in profile. The eight eyes are of equal size, four of them pointing forward from the front edge of the carapace. The legs can be very spiny and arc often held out to the sides. 1 luntsman spiders hide under bark and stones or in vegetation during the day, or may be seen on tree trunks, and they hunt for prey at night. They are able to move sideways with great agility.

• LIFE CYCLE Courtship can be quite complex. The female produces a silk egg sac that she hides under a stone or bark and guards until the eggs hatch, when she opens the sac to release the spidcrlings.

• OCCURRENCE Worldwide, especially in tropical and subtropical regions. In various habitats, on the ground and on tree trunks.

olive-green legs with dark spine.

broad, pale-

rimmed carapace male spider resting on tree bark

Eresid spiders

These robust, quite hairy spiders have a large carapace and a square-fronted cephalothorax with eight eyes. Males may be brightly colored. Some species make tubular webs in holes in the ground connected to funnel-shaped webs on the surface. Others make a web in shrubs.

• 1JFE CYCLE Females keep the egg sacs inside the retreat or carry them under their body.

• OCCURRENCE Parts of Africa, Europe, and Asia. In various habitats, in shrubs, and on the ground.

ureses CINNAIiER/NI S is found in Europe and favors sunny spots on dry, sandy hcathland.

hairy cephalothorax hairy abdomen long legs relative to body eight eyes drab coloration

A HETEROEODA SPECIES are often imported in crates of bananas. They have been known to bite warehouse workers but are not dangerous.

< HETEROEODA VENATORIA is a widespread species that is helpful to humans in tropical regions as it eats small scorpions and cockroaches.

0rder ARANKAK

Family LlNYIMIlIDAK

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