Flesh flies

1 hese flics are mostly a dull, silvery gray or black. The thorax is longitudinally striped, and the abdomen looks checkered or marbled.

• LlFK CYCLE The common name refers to the fact that some flesh flies lay their larvae in body cavities and on wounds in vertebrates, including man. Most females give birth to live first-stage larvae. They either lay these larvae or drop them in flight and retain the egg shell within their body. Some larvae feed on carrion, while others are parasitic on other insects, snails, worms, or other invertebrates.

• OCCl JRRFNCF Worldwide, especially in the Northern I lemisphere. In varied habitats.

Larvae have pointed heads, blunt rears, and bands of fine spines.

stout black bristles pale abdominal markings stout black bristles pale abdominal markings

male genitalia

sarcophaga me ian i ira is a British species, found near coastal areas. Its larvae are found in rotting matter and may parasitize snails or insects.

Larval feeding habits

No. of species icq slender legs

\s strong, dark bristles on legs

hairy body yellowish brown coloration o f male (females are greenish)

Order [)IPTKRA

Family SCAl'HOPH

Dung flies

I hese flies are generally dull gray, brown, or yellow-brown but may be black or yellow and black. Their slender legs may have strong, dark bristles. The most common dung flies are very hairy. The common name is misleading since it refers only to flies of the genus Scathophaga.

• life Cycle Typically, eggs are laid, and the larvae develop, in plants, where the young cat foliage and may be leaf-miners, or in dung, where they cat other larvae. Some larvae arc found in damp soil and water, where they prey on small invertebrates. Adults catch and eat smaller insects.

• Occurrence Northern

I lemisphere. In various habitats, including all kinds of plants and fresh dung.

slender legs

larvae are pale and cylindrical. Some taper to a point at the head end.

strong, dark bristles on legs

No. of species icq

SCA I'll OP HA GA S / I.RCORARIA, also called the Yellow Dung Ely, is widespread across the

Northern I lemisphere. Common on sheep and cow dung, it also breeds on the dung of poultry, horses, and humans.

hairy body yellowish brown coloration o f male (females are greenish)

Family SKIVSIDAK

No. of species 250

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