Flower bugs

Also known as minute pirate bugs, species in this family have relatively flat bodies that can be elongate or oval. Most flower bugs have fully developed wings, but the wings arc short in some species. The antennae have four segments.

• llee cycle Eggs are laid in small groups on the undersides of leaves or leafstalks. They may also be laid in stems, bark, or debris.

• ()( :< :i RKEN< :i WmiMwkIc. I ndcr bark and in flowers, vegetation, leaf litter, and fungi. Some live in animal nests and burrows.

• Remark These bugs are used to control aphids, thrips, scale insects, moths, and mites.

ANTHOCORIS SPKCIES lay eggs on leaves infested with prey such as aphids. Anthocoris bugs are attracted to odors given off by their prey.

three-segmented rostrum shiny pronotum

pointed head four-segmented antennae most Anthocoris bugs have dark forming patches pointed head three-segmented rostrum four-segmented antennae shiny pronotum most Anthocoris bugs have dark forming patches

0rder hkmiptkra

Family ARADIDAK

No. of species j

1?akk bijcjs

Also known as flat bugs, these insects have a flat, oval shape and many are wingless. They always have black or dark to reddish brown camouflage coloring, and the upper surface of the body is very rough or has short projections or dimples.

• LIKE GYCLK Eggs are laid in a small mass under bark or in leaf litter. A few species care for their young, and the male may share this role.

• OCCURRENCE Worldwide. Most under bark, especially of decaying trees; among plant debris and . . /

leaf litter on the forest floor; with fine dimples among certain fungi. and coarse ridges

>Aradus tun I At: is a European species, typically found underneath the bark of birch trees.

>Aradus tun I At: is a European species, typically found underneath the bark of birch trees.

<arai)l 's ati rrimi's adults and nymphs are often found together under the bark of a variety of deciduous trees.

Length >/8_>/2jn (0.3-1.3cm)

Feeding habits 0

0rder Hkmiptkra

Family RKLOSTOMATIDAK

No. of species |

• curved tibia bearing single sharp claw for seizing prey

Giant water bugs

Also called electric light bugs due to their attraction to lights after dark, this family contains the largest bugs. They are oval, flat, and streamlined with enlarged front legs that are modified as prey-capturing pincers. The flat middle and hindlegs are usually fringed with hairs to aid swimming. The antennae are small and concealed.

• I ,IFE ((:LE Males can attract mates by using their bodies to send waves across the water's surface. Eemales may glue the eggs to the male's back or to vegetation. In back-brooding species, male giant water bugs care for the eggs and keep them moist.

• Occi !RREN< :E Worldwide, especially in subtropical and tropical regions. In slow-moving streams, pools, and ponds.

• REMARK Nymphs and adults are highly predacious, even catching frogs, fish, and small birds.

lh'mocerlls (¡ranms is one of the giant water bug species that are caught and eaten by humans in certain parts of Southeast Asia.

lh'mocerlls (¡ranms is one of the giant water bug species that are caught and eaten by humans in certain parts of Southeast Asia.

this species has brown coloration, with dark mottling tn many species, flattened middle and hindlegs are f ringed with hairs to aid swimming

-• pair of appendages acts as short breathing siphon

• curved tibia bearing single sharp claw for seizing prey this species has brown coloration, with dark mottling tn many species, flattened middle and hindlegs are f ringed with hairs to aid swimming

-• pair of appendages acts as short breathing siphon

0rder Hkmiptkra

Family QMICIDAK

0 0

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