Fruit flies

Most fruit flies have distinctive wing patterns, which can be used to identify individual species. These can take the form of bands, patches, and zigzag markings. Females have a pointed ovipositor that may be longer than the rest of the body.

• LIFE Cycle Fggs are laid on and in plants. The larvae ' of some species feed inside soft fruits or flowerheads, while others arc leaf-miners or gall-formers.

• OCCl JRRENCE Worldwide. In a wide variety of habitats.

• Kl-SMARK Many species arc crop and fruit pests, for example Ceratitis capitata, the Mediterranean Fruit Fly, which damages citrus and other soft fruits.

LARVAE vary in shape. The body may be smooth or slightly spiny.

orange thorax and head orange thorax and head

very dark abdomen

icterica wes term a n ni is a European species of fruit fly that feeds on the flowerheads of ragworts.

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