Higher termites

I his highly variable family of pale cream to dark brown termites comprises almost three-quarters of all termites. Workers and soldiers have no eyes, and soldiers often have large, biting mandibles or a snoutlike head from which sticky poisons are ejected.

• Lll I CYCIT Kggs are laid in nests that vary from small structures in trees and soil mounds to vast underground mazes. Some queens are enormous and may produce several thousand eggs a day.

• OCX :i IRRKNCK Worldwide, in tropical and subtropical areas. In varied habitats, in trees or soil.

• REMARK Many higher termites are pests. This family has a more complex, rigid caste system than other, "lower" termites.

broad head veins run longitudinally large, pale wings large. dark, ')ittided head small ronotum pale body fracture point at wing base w i ngs of adult reproductives are shed once they have Jlown to new breeding sites

Tri\ER\I/ERMES aiM/w t f \ or the Snouted I larvester Termite, has soldiers that can produce a repellent secretion from a gland in their head. This is used against their main enemies - ants.

Macrotermes sn ciks can attack cocoa and coconut crops. At certain times of year, reproductive adults like this one emerge from colonics in their thousands.

Length ys,_%m (0.4-1.4cm) - soldiers and workers only

Feeding habits 0 ^

Order lSOPTKRA

Family TKRMOPSIDAK

No. of species £()

large wings shed after mating and establishing new colony rounded head small, flat pronotum newly emerged reproductive termites are pale and white as they have not yet hardened

TlU JK DAMP WOOD THRMITKS

1 hese termites, pale to dark brown in color, are also called rotten wood termites. The flat pronotum is much narrower than the head.

• UEE CYCLE Kggs are laid in nests in decaying wood - usually wood that is in contact with the ground.

• OCCl RRENCE Warm regions of North and South America, Africa, Asia, and Australia. Mainly in rotting trees or fallen logs

• REMARK A few species are pests of structural timbers, especially those buried in the ground, such as telegraph poles.

large wings shed after mating and establishing new colony rounded head small, flat pronotum newly emerged reproductive termites are pale and white as they have not yet hardened a 00 ter mo i'si s i ay//'stk'oeeis, the Pacific Damp Wood Termite, is native to North America, where it can become a troublesome pest of damp timber found above the ground.

Oplan Termites

Oplan Termites

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