Length yH_2V4in (1-7.2cm)

Feeding habits


Family SOU'l XilDAK


Members of this family have yellow, pale brown, red-tinged, or dark bodies. The tarsi on the first pair of legs have one segment, those on the second and third pairs have two segments, and those on the fourth pair have three segments. The claws on the last three pairs of legs arc hairy. Galeodids hunt after dark, hiding away from the heat of the day in burrows that they have dug into sandy soil.

• LIFE CYCLE Mating may involve the male carrying the female. I .ike all sun spiders, males place a spermatophore into the female's genital opening. Eggs are laid in a pit or burrow.

• OCCt JRRENCE Asia and northern Africa. In semiarid and desert regions.

• REMARK Large species kill and eat lizards.


These sun spiders arc pale straw-colored, brown, or slightly yellow, and some have bright markings. The tarsi on the first pair of legs have one segment, those on the second and third pairs have four segments, and those on the last pair have six or seven segments. All but the first pair of legs have smooth-surfaced claws. Some species are active by day; others hide in burrows dug in sandy soil, in cracks, or under stones.

• Life Cycle The females lay their eggs inside pits in the ground. Small solpugids and nymphs feed on termites.

• occurrence Africa and parts of the Middle East. In woodland, dry savanna, and semiarid and desert regions.

large orange-red central brown mark extensive covering cephalothorax • on abdomen • • of white hairs

METASOEE1JGA VICTA is found in the Namib desert in southern Africa. Like all solpugids, it will bite if handled carelessly, but does not have poison glands.

leglike pedipalp soft, flat abdomen

GAEEODES CITRIN I IS frequently has yellow overall coloration. I lere, the female is seen making a shallow pit in the ground, in which she will then lay her eggs.

velvety abdomen chelicerae pedipalp has no daw at end iAEEODES ARABS is a common North ifrican species. It typically jumps on massing prey and then retires into its mrrow to rest and digest its food.

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