Info

furry abdomen

Lepidoptkka

Family HESPER1IDAE

No. of species } qqq drab brown wings with white markings

A euscitemon raieeesia, the vivid Regent Skipper, lives in the rainforests of Australia and is seen feeding during the day at nectar-rich flowers.

distinct lobe on hindwing dark-bordered elongate club at end

A AM EMS liARON I is a I yellow-orange brightly colored species from hindwing

Peru, with highly distinctive rnatgtns orange-red fore wing markings.

pale blue patch

yellow bands red tail yellow patches

distinct lobe on hindwing drab brown wings with white markings

Skippers

Although closely related to butterflies, these day-flyers are typically mothlike and heavy-bodied. The antennae end in a club, which is long, curved, and pointed. While the forewings are usually short and triangular, the hindwings may be tailed. The common name refers to their rapid, darting flight.

• LIFE CYCLE Females lay single eggs on their host plant. The caterpillars of most species feed at night on grasses and sedges, herbaceous plants, and the foliage of some trees. During the day, they hide inside a shelter of rolled or folded leaves.

• OC( :i JRRENC:E Worldwide, except in New Zealand. In a variety of open habitats, such as cultivated fields and grassland.

dark-bordered elongate club at end

A urban us proteus is a common species in North and South America. Its long, tailed hindwings make it highly recc)gnizabIe.

t> ca erodes etiiuus, the Brazilian Skipper, is widespread in South America and the West Indies. This large and robust skipper often flies great distances.

A euscitemon raieeesia, the vivid Regent Skipper, lives in the rainforests of Australia and is seen feeding during the day at nectar-rich flowers.

Caterpillars are green, brown, or white. They usually have a large head with a distinct neck and taper toward the rear.

A AM EMS liARON I is a I yellow-orange brightly colored species from hindwing

Peru, with highly distinctive rnatgtns orange-red fore wing markings.

yellow bands red tail pale blue patch yellow patches

0rder LKPIDOPTKRA

Family ¡NCl RVARIIDAK

No. of species ^qq

> very long antennae abdomen tapers « sharply

INCIJKVARIII) MOTHS

Most of these small moths have camouflage coloring. A few arc a metallic gold or bronze. Some species with long antennae arc called fairy moths.

• I >111 CYCLE Single eggs arc-laid inside plant tissue. The caterpillars arc seed-borers or leaf-miners in their early stages and make a case out of plant material, inside which they live and eventually pupate.

• Occurrence Worldwide, catkrph lars except in New Zealand. In woods, are small, with tiny wherever their host plants grow. abdominal prolegs.

abdomen tapers « sharply

NEMOEUORA CHI'R/ACEUA has metallic wing scales, an orange tuft of hair on its head, and white antcnnal tips.

V NEMOEHORA SCAIilOSI.I.IA, from Asia and Europe, has dark wing fringes.

> very long antennae

Larval feeding habits 0 ^

0rder LKPIDOPTKRA

Family EasIOCAMPIDAK

Wingspan (2.5-9.5cm)

Larval feeding habits 0

0rder LKPIDOPTKRA

Fami|y LlMACODIDAK

No. of species j 000

LAlMMiT AND IXJGAR MOTHS

Most of these very hairy, heavy-bodied moths are yellowish brown, brown, or gray in color. Eemales arc bigger than males and generally have large abdomens.

• Life Cycle Eggs arc laid on host plants. The caterpillars live communally in silk tents or webs, spun across the foliage of v arious trees, grasses, and plants. Pupation occurs inside tough, papery, cgglike cocoons.

• occl irrence Worldwide, except in New Zealand. Anywhere their host trees and plants occur.

( : \ i i kpii i Alts are MAIACOSOMA AMERICAN! IM, stout with tufts of the Eastern 'lent Moth, is a hairs on both their troublesome pest of apple back and sides. and wild cherry trees.

dull-colored hairy body two white spots on

LlMACODID MOTHS

Most limacodids have broad, rounded wings, hairy bodies, and dull coloring. The name means "sluglike" and refers to the shape and locomotion of the caterpillars.

• I JFK CYCLE Mat eggs arc laid on the leaves of host plants. The caterpillars are often poisonous or are armed with stinging hairs.

• occl irrence Worldwide, especially in tropical regions. On a wide range of shrubs and trees.

dull-colored hairy body two white spots on

Caterpillars are often brightly colored. They have no prolegs.

SlHINE STIMCU A, the Saddleback Moth of North America, is named after the saddle-shaped mark on the back of its caterpillars.

white, crescent-shaped spot only the male has wings

hairy hittdwing margins broad hairy body

0rder Lepidoptera

Family LYMANTRIIDAE

ORGYIA ANTIQllA, otherwise known as the Vapourer Moth, is found in the Northern Hemisphere. The females are wingless.

I l PROC/ IS CHRYSORRHOIA, the Brown-tail Moth, has hairy, brown caterpillars that live in a communal silk nest.

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