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CKICKK'l S AND (JRASSI IOPPKRS • 61

rounded brown coloration wings folded flat over body

- long, threadlike antennae

stout hindlegs

BRACHYTRI 'PES SPKCIKS include some damaging pests, which can attack the seedlings of valuable crops such as tea, tobacco, and cotton.

setts itiv cerci

Order QrthopTKRA

Family (;RYLLIDAK

No. of species 4 qqq

Feeding habits ^ 0

Order QRTHOPTKRA

Family (JrylloTALPIDAK

No. of species ^Q

Mole crickets

1 licsc brownish, burrowing crickets - which arc covered with short, velvety hairs and have short, broad front legs adapted for digging -look remarkably like miniature moles. They are stout with short, leathery forewings.

• UKKCYCI I Mating takes place on the surface, and eggs are laid in underground chambers. There are about ten nymphal stages, and the nymphs stay underground, eating plant roots and stems and small prey.

• OCCl RRENCE Worldwide. In burrows up to Hin (2()cm) long in damp sand or soil near streams, ponds, or lakes.

• REMARK Males produce songs by rubbing their forewings together. 'Their burrows may have flared tunnels that amplify and carry the song to the surface.

TlU je crickets

I hese insects are slightly flat in shape, with rounded heads, and long, threadlike antennae. When present, the wings are folded flat over the body. Most are v arious shades of brown or black. Males sing mating songs using ridges at the bases of the forewings. In most females, the ovipositor is conspicuous and either cylindrical or needlelike. • I JKE CY( :i I Eggs are laid in damp soil, singly or in masses. The carnivorous species known as tree crickets lay their eggs in small groups inside plant tissue. There are up to 12 nymphal stages.

• occl rrence Worldwide. In woods, meadows, scrub, and grassland. Most species are ground-living.

• Remark Some species are renowned for their songs, and in certain countries are kept in cages, as pets.

wings folded flat over body

- long, threadlike antennae rounded

BRACHYTRI 'PES SPKCIKS include some damaging pests, which can attack the seedlings of valuable crops such as tea, tobacco, and cotton.

(i R > 1.1.OTA LP A (iRYLLOTALPA, commonly known as the European Mole Cricket, can be a pest of grasses, vegetables, and other crops. It is a protected species in the I 'nited kingdom.

brown coloration stout hindlegs

(i RYU A 'S niMACllATA, the Two-spotted Cricket, is common in Africa, southern Europe, and Asia.

setts itiv cerci toothed front legs hindlegs used to push soil back along tunnels

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