Ladybirds

Also known as lady beetles or ladybugs, these rounded, short-legged beetles arc cither shiny and smooth or hairy. Most species are brightly colored black, red, yellow, or orange, often with distinctive spots or stripes.

• I „IFF CYCLE Kggs are laid singly or in small groups and glued to plants. The adults and larvae of most species cat soft-bodied insects. The larvae are dark in color, and the pupae may resemble bird droppings.

• OCCURRENCE Worldwide. On foliage.

• REMARK Ladybirds arc beneficial control agents of pest insects and mites.

Larvae are often wartv coccinhua septem punctata is a common, seven-spotted European species that can ooze liquid from its leg joints to deter predators.

three-segmented tarsi rounded hind corner of pronotum head hidden from view by pronotum

• bright coloration warns o ff predators

LAN ATI S OCEUATA, or the Eyed Ladybird, is found on trees and is easily recognized by its black spots in the center of pale patches.

rounded, convex body

BKKTLKS »117

0rder COLKOPTKRA

Family ( iRCU MONI DAI .

antennae arise part way along dark• coloring

A Cyrtotracheu's si'i(: i is come from Southeast Asia. The males have long, hairy front tibiae, used in courtship displays.

shiny green coloration

elbowed antennae densely hairy body

Wkkvils

I hcsc insects are also called snout beetles, because of the extension of the head - the rostrum - that is present in most species, and which carries the mandibles. Many species have camouflage coloring, but others are brightly colored with metallic scales.

• I A IK CY( A Ai Females lay their eggs inside plant tissues. Many use their rostrums to bore holes in which to deposit the eggs.

• OCCl IRRKNCK Worldwide. On most terrestrial and some aquatic plant species.

• REMARK Many weevils arc pests of crops such as cotton and rice, and of bark. Weevils form the largest family in the animal kingdom.

antennae arise part way along

A Cyrtotracheu's si'i(: i is come from Southeast Asia. The males have long, hairy front tibiae, used in courtship displays.

elbowed

> ¡amtrocyphus august iis is a South American species. Its green coloring may serve to hide it from predators by helping it blend in with foliage.

antennae shiny green coloration expanded tarsal segments improve grip on smooth foliage

/• \< iduii) m ill s SI'I < li s have distinctive patterns of spots across their bodies. They are endemic to the Philippines.

> Hrachyci.rus fasc/cl iaris is a strange-looking, hairy species that lives in South Africa. Its larvae feed on lilies.

densely hairy body dark• coloring

0rder COLKOPTKRA

Family | )KRMESTI1)AE

No. of species qcq larder beetles

Sometimes called skin or museum beetles, members of this family are rounded or slightly elongate. They arc dull-colored, brown or black, and are usually covered with patterns of colored hairs or scales. The head may be difficult to see from above as it is often hidden by the pronotum.

• LIFE Cycle Eggs are usually laid on suitable foodstuff. The hairy, scavenging larvae feed at a rapid rate on a wide variety of organic matter.

• OCCl JRRENCE Worldwide. In a wide range of habitats.

• remark \i m\ species are serious pests of foods stored in buildings, such as dried meat and spices, as well as textiles.

larvae are very hairy and are often referred to as "woolly bears."

mottled pattern of differently colored scales >

mottled pattern of differently colored scales >

•. '-"V. . -v.'"

A ANTHRENlIS MIJSEORIIM% the Museum Beetle, is so called because its larvae can be pests of museum insect or plant collections.

dermestes i a rda rll/s, the Larder Beetle, frequents food stores. The front half of its wing eases have white hairs and dark patches.

Larval feeding habits

0rder COLKOPTKRA

Family DYTISOIDAE

No. of species ^ cqq hairy hindlegs adapted for propulsion smooth, shiny, oval body is dark brown to black pronotum has yellow border yellow legs

on front tarsi of males

Larvae are elongate, with well-developed legs and large, curved mandibles.

1 hcsc beetles are oval and streamlined, with smooth, shiny bodies. Most species arc black or dark brown but some have yellow, brown, or green markings. The hindlegs arc flat and fringed with hairs to provide propulsion. Highly adapted for aquatic life, these beetles can carry air supplies beneath their wing cases.

• LIFE CYCLE The females cut slits in the stems of water plants and lay their eggs inside. Pupation occurs in wet soil near water. Like their parents, the larvae are fierce predators, attacking various prey, from insects to frogs and small fish.

• Occurrence Worldwide, in streams, shallow lakes and ponds, brackish pools, and thermal springs.

on front tarsi of males

I)) risers MARGIN ALIS., the (¡¡ant Diving Beetle, is found in Europe and Asia. The male has distinctive suction pads on its front legs for holding onto females during mating. Females have many more grooves along the elytra.

pronotum has yellow border yellow legs

Larvae are elongate, with well-developed legs and large, curved mandibles.

hairy hindlegs adapted for propulsion smooth, shiny, oval body is dark brown to black hkktlks • 119

smooth urface

bright pattern of lines across elytra

Family E LA'PER I DAK

No. of species 9 qqq

CHALGOLErtDHlS UMBATUS is found in woodland and grassland in South America.

black - and- orange striping arts as warning to predators

Length Xft-2Xin (0.2-7cm)

Larval feeding habits ^

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