Longhorn Beetles

Also known as timber beetles, members of this family have elongate, parallel-sided bodies and long antennae - up to four times their body length. Their coloring is varied.

• I AI I CYCLE Single eggs are laid on plants and trees. Most larvae cat dead or decaying wood, aided by internal microorganisms that help them digest cellulose, but some attack live trees or bore into stems or seeds. Adults may cat pollen, nectar, leaves, or sap.

• OCCl RRKNCK Worldwide, mainly in tropical regions. In forests and woodland.

• RliMAKR Many species are serious pests of timber, fruit, and ornamental trees.

surface patterned with • spots and bands

<] s'/ /- r no'to v11s bohimanni has the typical longhorn shape. The females use their mandibles to cut through bark, under which they lay eggs.

I \R\ \li are cylindrical in shape and may take months, or years, to develop

Phosphori s jan son t is found in Africa. It lays eggs in trees, and its larvae attack some economically important species such as the cola tree.

parallel-sided body xlxl'lhrl's iii ros males arc-territorial and fight with each other for control of suitable egg-laying sites.

0rder COLKOPTKRA

Family CkraMBYCIDAK

No. of species 30,000

sides of elytra concave to allow hint/wings to fold out black-and-yellow coloration

PACHNODA SINIJATA is a stout species from South Africa. It has several forms, in varying patterns of yellow and black. There arc more species of this genus in tropical Africa than anywhere else.

Larval are C-shaped, and can wriggle along on their backs when exposed.

large antenna! dub

A /1JMNOS Rl/CKERI comes from northern India and Burma. Its squarish outline, shiny surface, and slightly flat shape are characteristic of flower chafers.

0rder COLKOP TKRA

Family CKTONIIDAK

No. of species ^ jqq

0 0

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