yi^ i'i i iin i iik class diplopoda,

_ there are 13 orders, 115 families, and 1 (),()()() species. The majority of millipedes arc dull in color and are slow-moving, with tough, cylindrical bodies, strong mandibles, and seven-segmented antennae. I he first four trunk segments have no legs; the other segments bear two pairs of legs. Although the common name implies that they have 1,000 legs, most have far fewer and none has more than 750. Males twist their bodies around the females to transfer sperm. A female lays her eggs inside soil nests, and most young hatch out with six legs, gaining legs and body segments as they molt.

Most millipedes live in soil, leaf litter, or debris, eating mainly rotting organic matter or fungi. To protect themselves, they roll up or produce toxic chemicals.


Family (îlomkridak

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