Mining bkes

no white hairs in renter of thorax

• abdomen dark with bluish sheen hairy thorax

andrena i i eva, the lawny Mining Bee, appears in early spring. It often nests in lawns, making a little mound of earth at the opening.

hairy abdomen reddish brown body

Larvak can be quite slender or stout. There arc protruberances on the abdominal segments.

Larvak can be quite slender or stout. There arc protruberances on the abdominal segments.

These honeybee-like species arc typically red-brown or brown-black, although some are yellow or white. The thorax and abdomen may be hairy. Most species are solitary.

• life Cycle Females make nests in soil burrows and lay eggs in specially prepared cells, where the larvae develop. These cells are usually coated with a protective waterproof substance secreted by an abdominal gland and are supplied with pollen and honey food for the larvae. Pollen is collected and taken back to the nest on the bees' hindlcgs.

• occl jrrence Worldwide, except Australia. In flower-rich habitats, especially during spring.

• REMARK Milling bees are vital pollinators of spring flowers.

Andrena cineraria is a European bee. Females (shown here) have white hair only on the femora of the front legs. The male has a hairier thorax and white hairs on all femora.

hairy thorax andrena i i eva, the lawny Mining Bee, appears in early spring. It often nests in lawns, making a little mound of earth at the opening.

no white hairs in renter of thorax

• abdomen dark with bluish sheen hairy abdomen reddish brown body

Order HYMENOPTERA

Family ANTHOPHORIDAE

No. of species 4 qqq long tongue large eyes

dense ewe ring of orange hair smoky wings

A AMHGIUA ACRAENSIS is common in sub-Saharan Africa. This fast-flying digger bee travels long distances in order to feed on high-quality nectar from long-tubed flowers.

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