Note

Look carefully: The mouthparts can be hard to see in some species.

beetles

• forewings toughened to form elytra (wing cases)

• elytra may be short, leaving part of abdomen exposed

See p. 109

bees, wasps, \ ants (I lymenoptera)

• often with constricted waist

• forewings wider or longer than hindwings

• wings joined in flight by tiny hooks

(I Iemiptera)

• mouth parts form a slender or short tube under the head

• front wings longer than hindwings

• stink glands may be present See p.85

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