Saturniid moths

white zigzag marking white crescent around dark spot

distinctive wing patterning, lacking in males patterns on wing margins present in both sexes

Also known as emperor, moon, royal, and atlas moths, these large, heavy-bodied speeies have broad, often conspicuously marked wings. The mouthparts are entirely nonfunctional, and the adults do not feed. Antennae are feathery in the males and usually threadlike in the females. Species of the genus Attacus, found in Southeast Asia, are the largest moths in the work! in terms of wing area, although the biggest moth wingspan is that of the Giant Agrippa Moth (Thysania agrippitia), which belongs to the family Noctuidae (see p. 165).

• LIFE CYCLE Fggs are laid on a wide range of trees and shrubs, and the caterpillars feed on the foliage. Fully grown caterpillars make dense cocoons attached to the twigs of their host plants.

• ()CCl IKRFNCF Worldwide. Especially in wooded tropical and subtropical areas. Attacus species arc protected in some countries, but many die by fluttering endlessly around street lighting.

• R.FMARK A few species of saturniid moths can be pests of various trees. Silk from the cocoons of many species has been used consistently in the past, although not to such a great extent as that nf fhi» Silk Mnrh ilhinil>v\ m/tri <t*i' n 1 ^Q^

distinctive wing patterning, lacking in males

CATERPILLARS can grow very large and have fleshy outgrowths (scoli) with spines and long hairs.

patterns on wing margins present in both sexes white zigzag marking

CAEEOSAMIA PROMETHEA, the Promethea Moth, is found in North America. The caterpillars feed on a range of foliage, including that of various fruit trees. Males arc mostly black-brown with a pale border; females are a bright red-brown or dark brown and have pale wing markings.

white crescent around dark spot

—• eye-spots on forewings jo ined to dark wing margin

long tail with red outer border and pale yellow inner border clear eye-spots, dark on one side long tail with red outer border and pale yellow inner border clear eye-spots, dark on one side

V A 'ITA CI is A TIA s, from Southeast Asia

large, Itriangula t; translucent patches on fore-and hindwings red line continues from forming to hindwings

V A 'ITA CI is A TIA s, from Southeast Asia large, Itriangula t; translucent patches on fore-and hindwings red line continues from forming to hindwings

170 • inskc rrs thick black antennae large transparent

AAl.BllNA OBHRTHIIRI is a large moth from Australia's Northern Territory. It has distinctive hindwings - clear but with a noticeable yellow bar at the front - and an obvious abdominal tuft.

SHSIA APIFORMIS, the I lornet Clcarwing, is a very convincing hornet mimic. It is found across the Northern Hemisphere, where its caterpillars damage the trunks and roots of poplar and willow trees.

dark scales present only along veins stout, yellowish brown legs band of brownish scales on wing margins black and orange- • yellow bands golden yellow forewings •

fan -shaped tuft * of long scales on dear hindwings orange-and-black abdomen

Order EkPIDOPTKRA

Family SKSIIDAK

No. of species j qqq

0 0

Post a comment