Snout moths

I hese moths arc typically drably colorcd. In some species, the front of the head appears to have a short "snout" formed by the long, sensory palps, held out straight. The forewings are broad or narrow, while the hindwings arc broad and rounded. The legs are usually long.

• I JFK CY( J .K Kggs are laid near or on host plants, other host material, or prey. The larval feeding habits are diverse, but caterpillars typically burrow inside, and feed on, the leaves, stems, and roots of host plants. Some family members arc scavengers, while a few prey on small insects and some even breed in sloth droppings or animal horn.

• Occurrence: Worldwide, in a wide range of habitats on their host plants.

• RKMARK A large number of snout moths are pests of crops and dried fruit.

A Endotricha eiammeaeis is a nocturnal species. It is native to the british Isles and various parts of western Kurope.

Caterpillars are either slender and cylindrical or quite stout. There are prolegs on some of the abdominal segments.

t> CHIEO EHRAGM1TEUA is found in reedbeds, where its caterpillars feed on the stems of reeds belonging to the genus Phragmites - hence this moth's scientific name.

scattered red, black, cream, and white scales on hindwings

• long marginal fringe on hindwings red and purple tinges at hase and apex of yellowish • formings scattered red, black, cream, and white scales on hindwings slender antennae

i long fringe on hindwings pale hindwings slender antennae i long fringe on hindwings pale hindwings narrow formings distinctive black rays on outer half of forewings formings have yellow-and-black pattern to match head and thorax

cream hindwings, with dark scales at border broad, rounded hindwings l pale fringe j orange tail fan vltessa si radeva is a bright, unusually patterned species from Borneo - all members of this genus are native to Southeast Asia.

distinctive black rays on outer half of forewings cream hindwings, with dark scales at border narrow formings formings have yellow-and-black pattern to match head and thorax broad, rounded hindwings l pale fringe j orange tail fan

0rder LEPIDOPTKRA

Family SATURNIIDAE

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