Social wasps

These wasps roll or fold their wings longitudinally, rather than hold them flat over the body. Nearly all have warning coloration in shades of brown or black and orange or yellow. The most familiar species arc paper wasps and yellow jackets, whose nests are made of chewed fibers. 1 lowcver, the family also includes mason wasps, which make mud-lined, underground nests in stems and crevices. • 1 /IFF CYCLF Paper wasps and yellow jackets have queens and workers, cooperate in caring for the brood, and have overlapping generations. A typical queen overwinters, makes a nest in spring, and rears the first small brood herself. Inside the nest, larvae develop within the cells of horizontal "combs" and arc fed chewed-up insects by sterile female workers. As the colony grows, so does the nest. ^ • occl jrrence Worldwide. In a wide range of habitats. • Remark Like several insects in the order I lymcnoptera, a social wasp can deliver a painful sting.

I ,ARVAK have bodies that are widest about a third back from the head.

• wings folded longitudinal/y

> orange abdomen, with dark markings

A Vl'SPA CRABRO, the I lornet, makes its nest in hollow trees. Its colonics tend to consist of only a few hundred workers.

• wings folded longitudinal/y yellow patehe on thorax

Vl SPlUA VULGARIS is very helpful in the garden as it removes caterpillars and other pests. It makes its nest from wood fibers.

> VlSPUIA GERMANIC A is found in warmer parts of the world. Colonics of this species may he perennial, with more than one queen.

yellow patehe on thorax

> VlSPUIA GERMANIC A is found in warmer parts of the world. Colonics of this species may he perennial, with more than one queen.

0rder Hymknoptkra

Family ACiAONIDAK

No. of species ^50

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