Soldier beetles

Most soldier beetles have soft, elongate bodies with parallel sides. The head has distinctive curved mandibles and threadlike antennae. Although they arc predacious, some species will also feed on pollen and nectar.

• I J P it (>Y( A E Eggs arc scattered on the ground. Most larvae hunt for prey in soil, decaying timber, and leaf litter, and under bark. The larvae of a few species eat plant material.

• OCCl IRRENCE Worldwide. On flowers and other vegetation in hedgerows, meadows, and woodland margins.

• REMARK The common name comes from the red, yellow, and black coloring of many species, reminiscent of old military uniforms.

Larvae have a distinctive velvety appearance, with flat bodies and well-developed legs.

Cant h \ ris / yteraus is found mainly in wet meadows and other marshv areas.

Larvae have a distinctive velvety appearance, with flat bodies and well-developed legs.

Cant h \ ris / yteraus is found mainly in wet meadows and other marshv areas.

Larval feeding habits ^ 0

0rder COLKOPTKRA

Family CARABIDAK

CiROlJNl) BEETLES

I hese long, slightly flat beetles may be dull or shiny and are usually brown or black, often with a metallic sheen. The head, thorax, and abdomen tend to be clearly differentiated, and the elytra usually have obvious striations. Most species are nocturnal hunters.

• LIFE CYCLE Kggs are laid on the ground and on vegetation and decaying wood and fungi. Like the adults, larvae are mainly predacious but will cat carrion; a few species are partly herbivorous.

• OCCURRENCE Worldwide. On the ground, under stones and logs, and among debris and leaf litter. Some species live in the foliage of shrubs and trees.

• REMARK. A few species deter predators with blasts of hot, caustic substances that they expel, with an audible "pop," from the end of the abdomen.

AAi\THIA THORACICA is a ground-living predator. Like all members of the genus Anthia, it can produce defensive chemicals that it sprays at attackers.

Larva 1 are elongate and black or dark brown with well-developed legs and strong mandibles.

flat elytra let beetle squeeze under bracket fungi and tree bark

MEGACEPHALA All STRAUS has bright, metallic coloration. Despite this, it hunts after dark, like all species in the genus Megacephala.

huge, slicing, sickle-shaped mandibles extremely long head

MORMOLYCE PHYEEODES, or the Violin Beetle, lives in the forests of Southeast Asia and feeds on insect larvae and snails.

long, slender legs for fast tunning yellow spots on expansions of the pronotum vety long, threadlike antennae sharp, curved mandibles outline of head and _ body resembles a violin - hence the

• head has distinctive orange stripe.

third segment of tarsus • has two ¡o/tes, as with a all family members J

strong, toothed mandibles eyes notched where antennae arise

« pronotum ha* spiny margin

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