Stink bugs

Also known as shield bugs because of their distinctive shape, these insects can produce strong defensive odors from their thoracic glands. Many species arc green or brown but some are brightly colored.

• LIFE Cycle Females lay clusters of barrel-shaped eggs on plants. There are five nymphal stages. Many nymphs start life as herbivores but later become predators or mixed feeders.

• Occurrence Worldwide. On vegetation, shrubs, and trees.

black dorsal surface of head

« shiny body surface red toronotum ith black patches square pronotum with sharp point at each side

black dorsal surface of head

« shiny body surface red toronotum ith black patches large,,

ElJRYDEMA DOM IN IJ El IS has bold coloration that warns predators of its distastefulness. It is found throughout Europe.

large,, black, semicircular mark on hind part of thorax

ElJRYDEMA DOM IN IJ El IS has bold coloration that warns predators of its distastefulness. It is found throughout Europe.

sides of abdomen banded black and orange

penta to ma rij el ees, the Forest Bug, feeds on deciduous trees, such as oak, in European woodland.

three pale spots on front edge of hind part of thorax

NEZARA VIRIDIIIA, also called the Cireen Vegetable ling or Cireen Stink Hug, is a worldwide pest of fruit, vegetables, and cereals.

reddish legs sides of abdomen banded black and orange reddish legs penta to ma rij el ees, the Forest Bug, feeds on deciduous trees, such as oak, in European woodland.

three pale spots on front edge of hind part of thorax uniform pale green color slightly sculptured body surface

NEZARA VIRIDIIIA, also called the Cireen Vegetable ling or Cireen Stink Hug, is a worldwide pest of fruit, vegetables, and cereals.

uniform pale green color slightly sculptured body surface

Feeding habits jj^

Feeding habits jj^

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Red bugs

Also called tire bugs due to their bright black, red, and orange coloring, these conspicuous insects often have quite elongate bodies.

• LIFE Cycle Eggs are laid in damp soil or debris, or among the seeds of the host plant. Many species feed communally on the seeds and juices of their host plants.

• OCCURRENCE Worldwide, especially in warmer regions. On plants belonging to the family Malvaceae and others.

• REMARK Some species in the genus Dysdercus, called cotton-stainers, are pests of cotton crops. The staining of the cotton boll is caused by a fungus, introduced when the bugs feed.

Lohita orandis, the Giant Red Hug, is a pest in forested parts of northern India. It feeds on various trees, including two species that are valuable sources of timber.

Length ylh_y4jn (Q,8-2.2cm); some up to 2in (5cm) Feedin* habits 0

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