Torymid wasps

I hcse wasps arc usually elongate in shape, with metallic blue or green coloration. The thorax has dimples, while the abdomen is smooth.

• LlFK CYCLE Most species parasitize gall-forming flics and gall-wasps. In some cases, females use their ovipositors to drill through gall tissue and lay eggs on the host larvae inside. Other species parasitize caterpillars, mantid egg cases, and the larvae of some bees and wasps. I lerbivorous species produce larvae that develop in the seeds of various trees.

• OCCURRENCE Worldwide. In a wide range of habitats, wherever suitable hosts can be found.

large pterostigma on farmings

• (inirniKii meoastkimlis dorsal!s is closely related to species whose larvae develop inside seeds but is itself a parasite of gall-forming insects.

yellowish abdomen yellowish legs

V Tor)mas species include many wasps that seek out larvae inside gall tissue. The ovipositor is often very long, to reach into large galls.

shiny, metallic, dimpled surface ovipositor as long as (or longer than) rest o f body antennae can sense vibrations from deep within gall first segment of hind leg larger than on other legs larvae are pale, grublike, and frequently hairy.

smooth, metallic abdomen long ovipositor

Larval feeding habits

0rder hymknoptkra

Family TricuocíRAMMATIIMK No. of species 600

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