Tubetailed thrips

Members of this family have larger, stouter bodies than most thrips and the abdomen has a tubular, pointed end. Most species arc dark but often have light or mottled wings. When present and folded, the wings overlap each other.

• LIFE CYCLE Kggs are laid in cracks and crevices. Most species eat fungi, while some feed inside galls, on plants, or in decaying wood. A few cat mites and small insects. The nymphs are usually red or yellowish, feed alongside the adults in groups, and communicate by sounds.

• OG( :1 RREN< !E Worldw ide, mainly in tropical and subtropical areas. On herbaceous plants, trees, and shrubs; in soil and leaf litter.

• REMARK Some species arc crop pests.

last abdominal segment cylindrical and tapered developing wings last abdominal segment cylindrical and tapered developing wings

PlILAEOTHRIPIDAE SPECIES feed on plants. This specimen is seen resting on a bromeliad plant in South America. It will soon molt to the adult stage and develop full-sized wings.

Length i/12_i/,¡n (0.1-1.2cm), most under Vw>in (5mm)

Feeding habits ^ 0 ^

Order THYSANOPTKRA

Family TlIRIPIDAK

No. of species | 75g

eyes with huge facets

Common thrips

The coloration of these flat thrips varies from pale yellow to brown or black. The hair-fringed wings are very narrow, pointed at the ends, and sometimes banded. Females have a sawlike ovipositor that bends downward.

• life Cycle Reproduction can occur asexually, and the females use their sawlike ovipositors to insert their eggs inside plants or flowers. The adults and nymphs of most species suck plant juices, although some species cat fungi or even suck the juices of other insects. When fully grown, the nymphs enter a pupalike stage either on the plant or in the soil.

• occl rrence Worldwide. On the leaves and flowers of a huge range of host plants.

• REMARK Many common thrips arc serious pests of a wide range of crops, including tobacco, cotton, and beans.

Thrips el'scipennis is a dark-colored species with distinctive hairs on its body. Widespread across the Northern Hemisphere, these thrips are found inside a wide range of plant species.

eyes with huge facets w:

shiny, dark body dear, hair-fringed wings pale tarsi third segment of eight-segmented antennae is pale *

Thrips simplex, the Gladiolus Thrips, originally came from South Africa. It has now spread much further afield and is found wherever gladioli flowers are grown.

shiny, dark body dear, hair-fringed wings pale tarsi

ALDKKFUKS AND DOBSONFLIKS • 103

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