Gossamerwinged Butterfliessee also Pl

Family Lycaenidae

Identification: Small, delicate, often brightly colored. Wing venation as in Pieridae, but FW with Mi not stalked with a branch of R beyond discal cell (except in harvesters) and R never with more than 4 branches; HW without a humeral vein and C not thickened. Front legs of cf usually reduced; tarsal claws not forked.

This is a large group, many species being quite common. Larvae are somewhat sluglike, and many secrete a honeydewlike material that attracts ants; some live in ant nests. Adults are rapid fliers.

Harvesters, Subfamily Gerydinae. Differing from other lycaenids in having Mi in FW stalked with a branch of R for a short distance beyond discal cell; R in FW 4-branched. The single U.S. species in this group, Feniseca tarquinius (Fabricius), occurs in the East; it is a small yellowish-brown butterfly with border of the front wing and central basal portion of the hind wing dark brown. Larva feeds on aphids. This butterfly is not common but is most likely to be found near alders growing in swampy places.

Coppers, Subfamily Lycaeninae (Pl. 9). Brownish or reddish, often with a coppery tinge, and with black markings. R in FW 4-branched. Coppers are fast-flying butterflies that generally occur in meadows, marshes, and other open areas. Larvae feed on dock (Rumex).

Blues, Subfamily Plebeiinae. Small, delicate, with upper surface of wings usually largely or entirely blue. R in FW usually 4-branched. Females are generally darker than males;

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