Scythrid And Elachistid Moths 257

This is a small and uncommon group. The moths are yellowish, grayish, or brownish.

SCYTHRID MOTHS Family Scythridae Not illus.

Identification: Small moths. FW with 9 veins extending from discal cell to wing margin, 4 of them to costal margin. Ri in FW rises about % the length of discal cell. Forked vein at tip of HW.

This is a small group, and not common. Larvae are leaf folders or leaf tiers.

ELACHISTID MOTHS Family Elachistidae

Identification: Mostly dark brown or gray, with silvery spots or bands. Head smooth-scaled. Discal cell present in both FW and HW. FW with only 8 or 9 veins extending from discal cell to wing margin, 4 or fewer of them to costal margin, and only 1 or 2 veins rising from apex of discal cell. Ri in FW rises about middle of discal cell. HW with a forked vein at apex.

Larvae are leaf miners in grasses and sedges. Elachistids are not common.

TISCHERIID MOTHS Family Tischeriidae

Identification: Face smooth-scaled, but vertex with rough bristly hair. Labial palps small. Costal margin of FW somewhat arched and apex prolonged to a sharp point. FW with 5 veins extending from discal cell to costal wing margin, and with an accessory cell at least half as long as the discal cell.

Larvae of most tischeriids make blotch mines in oak leaves. The Apple Leaf Trumpet Miner, Tischeria malifoliella Clemens, is a common pest in the East; its larva makes a trumpet-shaped mine. Other species mine in leaves of blackberry or raspberry.

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