Indoor Decomposition

According to Mann et al. access for arthropods to the body is the second most important variable after temperature affecting the decomposition of a body (Mann et al. 1990). This should be most pronounced in any kind of concealment, wrapping or relatively well sealed spaces such as containers, cars, car trunks, trucks, or closed kitchen appliances (Anderson 2010). The limiting factor here should be the diameter of the opening such as the 1 cm hole caused by the missing front door handle of the...

Key for the Identification of Third Instars of European Blowflies Diptera Calliphoridae of Forensic Importance

Calliphora Vicina Larvae

In Europe larvae of blowflies are the main group of insects responsible for decomposition of exposed vertebrate remains, including the human body. This determines their high forensic importance and frequent application for estimation of PMI. The importance of proper identification of insects collected in forensic cases and experiments to the species level is underlined by all manuals of forensic entomology (e.g. Smith 1986 Byrd and Castner 2001 Greenberg and Kunich 2002). Especially difficult...

References

Anderson GS (1995) The use of insects in death investigations an analysis of forensic entomology cases in British Columbia over a five year period. J Can Soc Forensic Sci 28 277-292 Anderson GS (2010) Factors that influence insect succession on carion. In Byrd JH, Castner JL (eds) Forensic entomology the utility of arthropods in legal investigations, 2nd edn. CRC, Boca Raton, pp 201-250 Anderson GS, Cervenka VJ (2002) Insects associated with the body their use and analyses. In Haglund WD, Sorg...

Necrophagous Insects of Forensic Importance

The faunal inventory on exposed carcasses has already been documented in various geographical locations. The diversity of insects and arthropod populations colonizing corpses and animal carcasses is limited in a burial environment. Different authors (M gnin 1894 Leclercq 1978 Smith 1986 and others) have highlighted the modification of insect populations between exposed and buried remains. Amendt et al. (2004) and Gennard (2007) focused on the main families and genus of insects of forensic...

Phoresy

Phoresy, sometimes called phoresis, describes the transport of one animal through another one. The movement or dispersal is directional and has been compared, especially for mites, to assisted migration Binns 1982 . Many desperate taxa have developed it as a live history trait. Its frequency in a taxon is inversely correlated to the size of the animal. For vertebrate species, it is a rare trait. A recent example is the phoresy of remoras, fish of the family Echeneidae, on marine turtles Sazima...

Historic Roots and Importance of Mites

In one of the first reports of modern forensic entomology, Brouardel describes the case of a newborn child that was found as a mummified body in January 1878 Benecke 2001 Brouardel 1879 . The time of death was independently estimated based on caterpillars and mites present on the corpse. The caterpillars were studied by Perier and identified as belonging to the genus Aglossa and might have been A. caprealis Pyralidae, Lepidoptera , also known as murky meal moth, fungus moth, small tabby, or a...