4.1 A tree trunk and under-branch covered in silk galleries of the webspinner Antipaluria urichi (Embiidina: Clothodidae), from Trinidad (refer to Box 9.5) (J.S. Edgerly-Rooks).

4.2 A female webspinner of Antipaluria urichi defending the entrance of her gallery from an approaching male, from Trinidad (J.S. Edgerly-Rooks).

4.3 An adult stonefly, Neoperla edmundsi (Plecoptera: Perlidae), from Brunei, Borneo (P.J. Gullan).

4.4 A female thynnine wasp of Zaspilothynnus trilobatus (Hymenoptera: Tiphiidae) (on the right) compared with the flower of the sexually deceptive orchid Drakaea glyptodon, which attracts pollinating male wasps by mimicking the female wasp (see p. 282) (R. Peakall).

4.5 A male thynnine wasp of Neozeloboria cryptoides (Hymenoptera: Tiphiidae) attempting to copulate with the sexually deceptive orchid Chiloglottis trapeziformis (R. Peakall).

4.6 Pollination of mango flowers by a flesh fly, Australopierretia australis (Diptera: Sarcophagidae), in northern Australia (D.L. Anderson).

4.7 The wingless adult female of the whitemarked tussock moth, Orgyia leucostigma (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae), from New Jersey, USA (D.C.F. Rentz).

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