Agricultural Entomology

Marcos Kogan

Oregon State University

Ronald Prokopy

University of Massachusetts

The study of all economically important insects is the object of the subdiscipline "economic entomology." Agricultural entomology, a branch of economic entomology, is dedicated to the study of insects of interest to agriculture because they help increase crop production (e.g., pollinators); help produce a commodity (e.g., honey, silk, lacquer); cause injury leading to economic losses to plants grown for food, feed, fiber, or landscaping; cause injury to farm animals; or are natural enemies of agricultural pests and, therefore, considered to be beneficial. Study of all fundamental aspects of the ecology, life history, and behavior of insects associated with agricultural crops and farm animals falls within the realm of agricultural entomology. These studies provide the foundation for the design and implementation of integrated pest management (IPM) programs (Fig. 1).

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Crop protection

Crop production

FIGURE 1 A bridge metaphor: agricultural entomology is conceived as one of the main pillars, together with plant pathology and weed science, of supporting the "integrated pest management bridge." The bridge connects two-way "traffic" between crop production and crop protection. The other pillar is provided by the social sciences of economics and sociology. The main tension cables, which are system integration and information systems, hold the vertical lines that together give stability to the bridge; these are the tactical components of IPM. Under the bridge runs the "river" of ever shifting societal needs and demands.

Crop protection

Crop production

The flowing river of societal needs and demands

FIGURE 1 A bridge metaphor: agricultural entomology is conceived as one of the main pillars, together with plant pathology and weed science, of supporting the "integrated pest management bridge." The bridge connects two-way "traffic" between crop production and crop protection. The other pillar is provided by the social sciences of economics and sociology. The main tension cables, which are system integration and information systems, hold the vertical lines that together give stability to the bridge; these are the tactical components of IPM. Under the bridge runs the "river" of ever shifting societal needs and demands.

Homeowners Guide To Landscaping

Homeowners Guide To Landscaping

How would you like to save a ton of money and increase the value of your home by as much as thirty percent! If your homes landscape is designed properly it will be a source of enjoyment for your entire family, it will enhance your community and add to the resale value of your property. Landscape design involves much more than placing trees, shrubs and other plants on the property. It is an art which deals with conscious arrangement or organization of outdoor space for human satisfaction and enjoyment.

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