Catherine Loudon

University of Kansas

Antennae are segmented appendages that function primarily as chemosensory and mechanosensory structures. An insect typically has a single pair of antennae located on its head. Antennae in juvenile insects are often very different in morphology from antennae in adult insects, typically being larger or more elaborate in the adult stage. Adult antennae may be sexually dimorphic, appearing very different in the males and females. Antennae are absent in the wingless insects belonging to the order Protura and may be extremely reduced in size in some holometabolous larvae.

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