Biogenic Amines

Arnd Baumann

Forschungszentrum Jülich, Germany

Wolfgang Blenau

Universität Potsdam, Germany

Joachim Erber

Technische Universität Berlin, Germany

Biogenic amines are important messenger substances and regulators of cell functions. In insects, these small organic compounds act as neurotransmitters, neuromodulators, and neurohormones. Biogenic amines control endocrine and exocrine secretion, the contraction properties of muscles, the activity of neurons, and the generation of motor patterns. In addition, certain biogenic amines are involved in learning and the formation of memory. Biogenic amines mediate these diverse cellular and physiological effects by binding to specific membrane proteins that primarily belong to the superfamily of G-protein-coupled receptors.

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