Composition And Properties Of Beeswax

The major components of A. mellifera beeswax include monoesters, diesters, hydrocarbons, and free acids, which together make up more than half the total weight. Over 200 minor components have also been identified. Of the physical properties of beeswax, its thermal properties are of special practical importance, particularly the wide temperature range between its becoming plastic (32°C) and melting (61-66°C). Its relative density at 15 to 25°C is 0.96 and its refractive index at 75°C is 1.44.

Many pesticides used to control mites in the hive can contaminate beeswax.

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