Further Reading

Personius, K. E., and Chapman, R. F. (2002). Control of muscle degeneration following autotomy of a hindleg in the grasshopper, Barytettix humphreysii. J. Insect Physiol. 48, 91—102.

Bee see Apis Species


Eva Crane

International Bee Research Association the native pollinators have been destroyed. Since the 1950s specialized beekeeping has also been developed for the production of royal jelly, pollen, and bee venom.

Each type of beekeeping requires the management of colonies to stimulate the bees to do what the beekeeper wants—for instance, to rear more young house bees to produce royal jelly, or more foragers to pollinate crops. During the 1900s, effective methods were developed for the commercial production of substances other than honey: bee brood, bee venom, beeswax, pollen, propolis, and royal jelly.

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