Habitats

Crickets live in virtually all terrestrial habitats from treetops to a meter or more beneath the ground. Members of multiple subfamilies live in or near treetops and in bushes, grasses, and other herbaceous plants (Oecanthinae, Mogoplistinae, Eneopterinae, Podoscirtinae, Trigonidiinae) (Fig 3); on the soil surface (Nemobiinae, Gryllinae); in caves (Phalangopsinae, Pentacentrinae); and in shallow or deep burrows (Gryllotal-

FIGURE 3 Adult male Orocharis saltator. (Photograph courtesy of David H. Funk.)

pinae, Brachytrupinae). Some excavate burrows in logs or standing trees (Pteroplistinae). Some beach-dwelling species of Trigonidiinae run and jump readily on water.

Females of different groups lay eggs in stems or twigs, in wood, under bark, in the ground, or in burrows. Apparently all females in the widely distributed burrowing subfamilies Brachytrupinae (short-tailed crickets, 223 species) and Gryllotalpinae (mole crickets, 76 species) are parental toward their eggs and also toward their juveniles.

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