House and field crickets are reared and sold in large numbers as fish bait and food for laboratory animals in many parts of the world. In the Orient, male crickets are caged for their songs, and staged battles between aggressive males in surface and subterranean species have been a favorite sport for over 1000 years. Males can be primed for serious fights—even to the death—by tickling them with brushes resembling antennae and by providing them with lairs made of small boxes that enhance their motivation to defend the site. Burrowing crickets can be extracted from their burrows by eliciting aggressive reactions to tiny pebbles rolled into the burrow followed by blades of grass used so as to imitate cricket antennae. Allowing a male to mate sets him into guarding the female for further mating, thus also priming him to fight ferociously.

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