Pectinophora gossypiella

Pink bollworm

Cotton pest

to insert the desired genes into insect genomes will be critical to the success of these genetic approaches for management of insect pests in the future.

See Also the Following Articles

Genetically Modified Plants • Genetic Engineering • Pathogens of Insects • Sterile Insect Technique • Wolbachia

Further Reading

Atkinson, P. W., Pinkerton, A. C., and O'Brochta, D. A. (2001). Genetic transformation systems in insects. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 46, 317—346. Durvasula, R. V., Gumbs, A., Panackal, A., Kruglov, O., Aksoy, S., Merrifield, R. B., Richards, F. F., and Beard, C. B. (1997). Prevention of insect-borne disease: An approach using transgenic symbiotic bacteria. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 94, 3274-3278. Durvasula, R. V., Gumbs, A., Panackal, A., Kruglov, O., Taneja, J., Kang, A. S., Cordon-Rosales, C., Richards, F. F., Whitham, R. G., and Beard, C. B. (1999). Expression of a functional antibody fragment in the gut of Rhodnius prolixis via transgenic bacterial Rhodococcus rhodnii. Med. Vet. Entomol. 13, 115-119. Estruch, J. J., Warren, G. W., Mullins, M. A., Nye, G. J., Craig, J. A., and Koziel, M. G. (1996). Vip3A, a novel Bacillus thuringiensis vegetative insecticidal protein with a wide spectrum of activities against lepidopteran insects. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 93, 5389-5394. ffrench-Constant, R. H., and Bowen, D. J. (2000). Novel insecticidal toxins from nematode-symbiotic bacteria. Cell Mol. Life Sci. 57, 828-833. Gatehouse, J. A., and Gatehouse, A. M. R. (2000). Genetic engineering of plants for insect resistance. In "Biological and Biotechnological Control of Insect Pests" (J. E. Rechcigl and N. A. Rechcigl, eds.), pp. 211-241. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. Handler, A. M. (2001). A current perspective on insect gene transformation.

Insect Biochem. Mol. Biol. 31, 111-128. Harrison, R. L., and Bonning, B. C. (2000). Genetic engineering of bio-control agents for insects. In "Biological and Biotechnological Control of Insect Pests" (J. E. Rechcigl and N. A. Rechcigl, eds.), pp. 243-280. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. James, A. A., Beerntsen, B. T., Capuur, M. D., Coates, C. J., Coleman, J. Jasinskiene, N., and Krettli, A. U. (1999). Controlling malaria transmission with genetically-engineered, Plasmodium-resistant mosquitoes: Milestones in a model system. Parasitología 41, 461-471. Jarvis, D. L. (1997). Baculovirus expression vectors. In "The Baculoviruses"

(L. K. Miller, ed.), pp. 389-431. Plenum Press, New York. Naylor, L. H. (1999). Reporter gene technology: The future looks bright.

Biochem Pharmacol. 58, 749-757. Thomas, D. D., Donelly, C. A., Wood, R. J., and Alphey, L. S. (2000). Insect population control using a dominant, repressible, lethal genetic system. Science 287, 2474-2476.

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