Physiology

The cuticle of the Archaeognatha is generally thin and flexible and bears a multitude of sensory setae and other sensory organs. The hypopharynx (a mouthpart between maxillae and labium) is well developed. The coxal vesicles absorb fluids; their number varies from none to two within a coxite. In all machilid males, coxite IX bears the penis (length from — of the coxite to 1- in Machilidae, in Meinertellidae ca. — of the coxite length). In females, the paired gonapophyses on coxites VIII and IX form the ovipositor. It is of different length and has generally a specific chaetotaxy in each species.

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