Taxonomic Occurrence Photic Biodiversity

Bioluminescence occurs "everywhere" among organisms, with self-lighting species appearing in all kingdoms of a four-kingdom classification—Monera, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia—in 11 of 29 phyla. In the phylum Arthropoda, luminescent forms also are found among the sea spiders, crustaceans, millipedes, and centipedes. Self-luminescent insects occur in the families Poduridae and Onychiuridae (Collembola), Mycetophilidae (Diptera), and coleopterans Lampyridae, Phengodidae, Elateridae, and Staphylinidae and, possibly, the Telegeusidae.

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