Commercial Mediterranean Fruit Fly Rearing Facilities Is the Private Sector Here to Stay

Two decades passed between the development of the concept of the SIT and its first large-scale use against the Mediterranean fruit fly in the 1970s in southern Mexico (Klassen and Curtis 2005). The next two decades experienced an increasing demand for sterile Mediterranean fruit flies but the private sector's interest in mass-rearing operations was only manifested in 2000 with the establishment of the first private company, InSecta Ltd in the UK. In only five years, three private companies...

Relevance to the Sterile Insect Technique SIT

In any mating disruption technique, the main constraints are the cost of the materials and the labour-intensive process of placing dispensers in the crop. In these respects, the Exosex system is considerably more cost-effective than other techniques. In the case of codling moth, for example, the total amount of pheromone dispensed per hectare is between 80 and 200 milligrams in 25 dispensers. By comparison, most conventional techniques dispense between 45 and 192 grams hectare, i.e. around 1000...

References

Robinson (eds.). 2005. Sterile insect technique. Principles and practice in area-wide integrated pest management. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands. Enkerlin, W. 1996. Role of the private sector in action program research needs, pp. 533534. In McPheron, B. A., and G. J. Steck (eds.), Fruit fly pests a world assessment of their biology and management. St. Lucie Press, Florida, USA. Enkerlin, W., and J. D. Mumford. 1997. Economic evaluation of three...

Genetics and Insect Pest Control

The use of ionizing radiation to induce mutations, many of which produce chromosomal rearrangements, has provided a ready source of variation that has led to some of the pioneering developments in animal genetics. It also led to an appreciation that chromosomal rearrangements such as translocations could be employed in the control of insect pest species. Whitten (1985) provides an illustrative examination of this subject and cites Serebrovsky's 1940 manuscript as the moment at which the use of...

Area Wide Integrated Pest Management Awipm Principles Practice and Prospects

ROBINSON5 and M.J.B. VREYSEN7 Joint FAO IAEA Programme of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture, Insect Pest Control Sub-Programme, IAEA, Wagramerstrasse 5, A-1400 Vienna, Austria 2Plant Production and Protection Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla 00100 Rome, Italy Joint FAO IAEA Programme of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture, FAO IAEA Agriculture and Biotechnology Laboratory,...

Insect Cryopreservation

There are a number of possible options for recovering insects or their germ-plasm after cold storage at cryogenic temperatures. These options include liquid nitrogen storage of (1) sperm, (2) blastoderm and primodial germ cells, (3) gonads, (4) embryos, (5) postemby-onic immature stages, and (6) adults. Except for the cryogenic storage of adults, there are successful examples for each of the other five options. The following describes significant research or observations recorded in the...

Coop L M Kogan and W Bajwa 2000

Area-wide programme for suppression of codling moth summary of the effect of 5 years of control. Extending the principles and lessons learned outside the project and to other commodities, pp. 176-183. In Proceedings 95th Annual Meeting of the Washington State Horticultural Association, 8-10 December 2000, Wenatchee, WA., USA. Coppedge, J. R. 1994. Forum IPPM - integrating the best of current knowledge, pp. 2. In Agricultural Research, July 1994. USDA, Washington, DC., USA. Cronin, J. T., P....

FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of

Food, agriculture and food security developments since the World Food Conference and prospects. Technical background document no. 1 for the World Food Summit. FAO, Rome, Italy. FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 2001. Economic impacts of transboundary plant pests and animal diseases. Part III - The state of food and agriculture 2001. FAO, Rome, Italy. FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 2003a. International code of...