Dealing With Environmental Extremes

The most obvious environmental variables that confront an insect are seasonal fluctuations in temperature and humidity. The extremes of temperatures and humidities experienced by insects in their natural environments span the range of conditions encountered by terrestrial organisms. For reasons of human interest in cryobiology (revivable preservation), responses to extremes of cold and desiccation have been studied better than those to high temperatures alone.

The options available for evading extremes are behavioral avoidance, such as by burrowing into soil of a more equable temperature, migration (section 6.7), diapause (section 6.5), and in situ tolerance/survival in a highly altered physiological condition, the topic of the following sections.

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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