Further Reading

Barbehenn, R.V. (2001) Roles of peritrophic membranes in protecting herbivorous insects from ingested plant allelo-chemicals. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 47, 86-99.

Bourtzis, K. & Miller, T.A. (eds) (2003, 2006, 2008) Insect Symbiosis, vols 1-3. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.

Chapman, R.F. (1998) The Insects. Structure and Function, 4th edn. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Davey, K.G. (1985) The male reproductive tract/The female reproductive tract. In: Comprehensive Insect Physiology, Biochemistry, and Pharmacology, vol. 1: Embryogenesis and Reproduction (eds G.A. Kerkut & L.I. Gilbert), pp. 1-14, 15 -36. Pergamon Press, Oxford.

De Loof, A. (2008) Ecdysteroids, juvenile hormone and insect neuropeptides: recent successes and remaining major challenges. General and Comparative Endocrinology 155, 3 -13.

Dillon, R.J. & Dillon, V.M. (2004) The gut bacteria of insects: nonpathogenic interactions. Annual Review of Entomology 49, 71-92.

Dow, J.A.T. (1986) Insect midgut function. Advances in Insect Physiology 19,187-328.

Gade, G. & Hoffmann, K.-H. (2005) Neuropeptides regulating development and reproduction in insects. Physiological Entomology 30, 103-21.

Gilbert, L.I., Iatrou, K. & Gill, S.S. (eds) (2005) Comprehensive Molecular Insect Science, vols 1-6: Control. Elsevier Pergamon, Oxford.

Harrison, F.W. & Locke, M. (eds) (1998) Microscopic Anatomy of Invertebrates, vol. 11B: Insecta. Wiley-Liss, New York.

Kerkut, G.A. & Gilbert, L.I. (eds) (1985) Comprehensive Insect Physiology, Biochemistry, and Pharmacology, vol. 3: Integument, Respiration and Circulation; vol. 4: Regulation: Digestion, Nutrition, Excretion; vols 7 and 8: Endocrinology I and II. Pergamon Press, Oxford.

Moran, N.A. (2006) Symbiosis. Current Biology 16, R866-71.

Moran, N.A. (2007) Symbiosis as an adaptive process and source of phenotypic complexity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 104, 8627-33.

Nation, J.L. (2008) Insect Physiology and Biochemistry, 2nd edn. CRC, Boca Raton, FL.

Nijhout, H.F. (1994) Insect Hormones. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.

Niven, J.E., Graham, C.M. & Burrows, M. (2008) Diversity and evolution of the insect ventral nerve cord. Annual Review of Entomology 53, 253-71.

Pass, G., Gereben-Krenn, B.-A., Merl, M., Plant, J., Szucsich, N.U. & Togel, M. (2006) Relationships of the orders of Hexapoda: contributions from the circulatory organs for a morphological matrix. Arthropod Systematics & Phylogeny 64, 165-203.

Resh, V.H. & Cardé, R.T. (eds) (2009) Encyclopedia of Insects, 2nd edn. Elsevier, San Diego, CA. (Particularly see articles on accessory glands; brain and optic lobes; circulatory system; digestion; digestive system; excretion; fat body; flight; hemolymph; immunology; muscle system; neuropeptides; nutrition; respiratory system; salivary glands; symbionts aiding digestion; tracheal system; walking and jumping; water and ion balance, hormonal control of.)

Schmid-Hempel, P. (2005) Evolutionary ecology of insect immune defenses. Annual Review of Entomology 50, 52951.

Terra, W.R. (1990) Evolution of digestive systems of insects. Annual Review ofEntomology 35, 181-200.

Terra, W.R. (2001) The origin and functions of the insect peritrophic membrane and peritrophic gel. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 47, 47-61.

Terra, W.R. & Ferreira, C. (1994) Insect digestive enzymes: properties, compartmentalization and function. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 109B, 1-62.

Wheeler, D.E. & Nijhout, H.F. (2003) A perspective for understanding the modes of juvenile hormone action as a lipid signaling system. BioEssays 25, 994-1001.

White, C.R., Blackburn, T.M., Terblanche, J.S., Marais, E., Gibernau, M. & Chown, S.L. (2007). Evolutionary responses of discontinuous gas exchange in insects. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 104, 8357-61.

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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