Polymorphism And Polyphenism

The existence of several generations per year often is associated with morphological change between generations. Similar variation may occur contemporaneously within a population, such as the existence simultaneously of both winged and flightless forms ("morphs"). Sexual differences between males and females and the existence of strong differentiation in social insects such as ants and bees are further obvious examples of the phenomenon. The term polymorphism encompasses all such discontinuities, which occur in the same life-history phase at a frequency greater than might be expected from repeated mutation alone. It is defined as the simultaneous or recurrent occurrence of distinct morphological differences, reflecting and often including physiological, behavioral, and/or ecological differences among conspecific individuals.

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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