Contents

Introduction 339

Phytoplasma vectors 340

Leafhopper and planthopper vectors of phytoplasmas in grapevine 343

Scaphoideus titanus and flavescence dorée 344

Hyalesthes obsoletus and bois noir 345

A diverse microbiota inhabits S. titanus and H. obsoletus 346

Inherited symbionts in grapevine-feeding leafhoppers and planthoppers 348

Cardinium symbionts in S. titanus and H. obsoletus 349

A yeast-like symbiont in the body of S. titanus 351

Conclusions 354

Acknowledgments 355

References 355

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