Introduction 273

Wolbachia diversity 274

The Wolbachia pandemic in crustaceans 274

Phylogenetic relationships among Wolbachia strains 277

Wolbachia diversity within species and individuals 277

Crustacean Wolbachia genomics 278

Feminization induction 279

Sex differentiation in crustaceans 279

Species-specificity of androgenic hormone and Wolbachia strains 280

Evolutionary consequences of Wolbachia-isopod interactions 284

Diverse sex-ratio distorters in Armadillidium vulgare 284

Theoretical predictions and intragenomic conflicts 284

Distribution in field populations and consequences 286

Wolbachia consequences in host life history traits 287

Conclusion: dynamic evolution of sex determination in Armadillidium vulgare 288

Acknowledgments 289

References 289

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