Termite gut protozoa as targets

Cleveland's classical work (beginning in 1923) showed that subterranean termites were not able to digest cellulose without their hindgut symbionts and subsequently starved to death The most important endosymbionts in the termite gut are xylophagous protozoa, which produce the majority of cellulases and ferment cellulose to acetate (Odelson and Breznak, 1985; Bignell, 2000) The paunch of Formosan subterranean termite workers houses three species of flagellate protozoa: Pseudotrichonympha grassii (Hypermastigida), Spirotrichonympha leidyi (Trichomonadida), and Holomastigotoides hartmanni (Oxymonad-ida) (Koidzumi, 1921; Yoshimura et al ., 1995) . These three protozoa species are found exclusively in C. formosanus (Yamin, 1979) and are obligatory for cellulose digestion and termite survival (Yoshimura, 1995; Yoshimura et al , 1995) When termite workers of several different colonies were fed on filter paper with the protozoicidal drug metronidazole (2 g/L), defaunation of their guts was observed within seven days The defaunated termites died within six weeks, which is consistent with starvation (Raina et al ., 2004) . An environmentally safe way to eliminate termite colonies would be to develop a paratransgenic approach to specifically kill the protozoa in the gut of termite workers and thus starve the colony

Oplan Termites

Oplan Termites

You Might Start Missing Your Termites After Kickin'em Out. After All, They Have Been Your Roommates For Quite A While. Enraged With How The Termites Have Eaten Up Your Antique Furniture? Can't Wait To Have Them Exterminated Completely From The Face Of The Earth? Fret Not. We Will Tell You How To Get Rid Of Them From Your House At Least. If Not From The Face The Earth.

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