The published information on Collembola is extensive, and, like the pest species, it is representative for all regions of the world. The bibliography provided by Salmon (1964-65) is helpful.

Salmon, J. T. An index to the Collembola. Bull. R. Soc. N. Z. 1 (1964), 1-144 (1964); 2 (1964), 145-644; 3 (1965), 645-651.


Arnaud, P. H. andT. W. Davies. Entomobryakanaba (Wray) (Collembola: Entomobryidae): an indoor household pest in central California. Pan-Pacific Entomol., 56 (1980), 155-6. Bellinger, P. F. A new family of Collembola (Arthropoda, Tracheata).

Carib.J. Sci., 21 (1985), 117-23. Betsch, J.-M. Elements pour une monographie des Collemboles Symphypleones (Hexapodes, Apterygotes). Mem. Mus. Nat. Hist. Natur., Serie A, 116 (1980), 1-227. Bowden, J., I. H. Haines, and D. Mercer. Climbing Collembola.

Pedobiologia, 16 ( 1976), 298-312. Brackenberry, J. and H. Hunt. Jumping in springtails: mechanism and dynamics. J. Zool., 229 (1993), 217-36. Brummer-Korvenkontio, M. and L. Brummer-Korvenkontio. Spring-tails (Collembola) on and in snow. Mem. Soc. Pr. Fauna Flora Fen-nica, 56 (1980), 91-4. Butcher, J. W., R. Snider, and R. J. Snider. Bioecology of edaphic Collembola and Acarina. Annu. Reu. Entomol., 16 (1971), 249-88.

Christiansen, K. Bionomics of Collembola. Annu. Reu. Entomol., 9 (1964), 147-78.

Folsom, J. W. The economic importance of Collembola. J. Econ. Entomol., 26 (1933), 934-9. Hopkin, S. E. Biology of the Springtails (Insecta: Collembola). Oxford:

Oxford University Press, 1997. Lawrence, P. N. Collembola (springtails) of sewage filters. WasteWater

Treat., 13 (1970), 106-109. Maria Mutt, J. A. M. Swarming of Entomobrya urostrigata (Insecta: Collembola) in South Holland, Cook County, Illinois. Trans. Ill. State Acad. Sci., 71 (1978), 236-7. Pichard, S. Contribution a l'étude de la biologie de Podura aquatica

(Linné) Collembole. Bull. Biol., 108 (1973), 191-9. Richards, W. R. Genetic classification, evolution and biogeography of the Sminthuridae ofthe World (Collembola). Mem. Ent. Soc. Can., 53 (1968), 1-54.

Scott, D. B. The economic biology of Collembola. J. Econ. Entomol., 46 (1953), 1048-51.

Scott, H. G., J. S. Wiseman, and C. J. Stojanovich. Collembola infesting man. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am., 55 (1962), 428-30.

Geographic distribution

Christiansen, K. and P. Bellinger. The Collemhola ofNorth America North ofthe Rio Grande. Grinnell, IA: Grinnell College, I98o-8i.

Gisin,H. Collemholenfauna Europas. Geneva: Musée d'Histore Naturelle, 196a.

Gough, H. J. A key for the identification of the families of Collembola recorded from the British Isles. Entomol. Mon. Mag., ii3 (1977), I93-7.

Greenslade, P. and J. E. Ireson. Collembola ofthe southern Australian culture steppe and urban environments: a review of their pest status and key to identification. J. Aust. Entomol. Soc., 25 (1986), 273-9I.

Lippert, G. and H. Butler. Taxonomic study of Collembola of West Virginia. WestVirginia Univ., Agric. Exp. Sta. Bull., 643T (1976), 46.

Maria Mutt, J. A. M. Genera ofCollembola (Insecta) in Puerto Rico: keys, diagnosis and general comments. J. Agric. Univ. Puerto Rico, 6c (1976), 113-28.

MariaMutt, J. A. M. and P. F. Bellinger. Catalog ofNeotropical Collemhola. Gainesville, FL: University ofFlorida, 1989.

Maynard, E. A. A Monograph ofthe Collemhola or Springtail Insects ofNew York State. Ithaca, NY: ComstockPress, 1951.

Mills, H. B. A Monograph of the Collemhola of Iowa. Iowa State College, monograph no. 3. Ames, IA: Iowa State College, 1934.

Paclt, J. On South and Central African Collembola. J. Entomol. Soc. South Africa, 29 (1967), 135-47.

Palcios, J. G. Diagnosis y clave para determinar las familias de los Collembola de la región Neotropical. Man. Guias Est. Microartr. (UNAM, Mexico), i (199a), 1-15.

Rapport, E. H. The geographical distribution of Neotropical and Antarctic Collembola. Pacific Inst. Monogr., 25 (I97I), 99-II8.

Scott, H. G. Collembola from Pennsylvania. Ent. News, 7c (1959), 8I-3.

Collembola: pictorial keys to the Nearctic genera. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am., 54 (1961), 104-13.

Snider, R. J. An annotated list of the Collembola (springtails) of Michigan. Michigan Entomol., i (1967), 179-234.

Sterzynska, M. Collembola from urban areas (Warsaw, Poland). In Dallai, R. (ed.) Third International Seminar on Apterygota. Siena: University of Siena, 1989.

Uchida, H. Tentative key to the Japanese genera of Collembola, in relation to the world genera of this order. Sci. Rep. Hirosaki Univ., I8 (1971), 64-76.

Tentative key to the Japanese genera of Collembola, in relation to the world genera of this order. Sci. Rep. Hirosaki Univ., i9 (1972),

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