These psocids generally live in dry habitats, and many are found in leaf litter and similar sites. Adults have 13-segmented antennae, which lack secondary annulations. Species are macropterous or brachypterous. Ectopsocus maindroni is a widely distributed species. Itis native to Africa. Itis occasionally found in stored foods.

Ectopsocus briggsi (Fig. 15.2n) This species is macropterous; the front wings have light spots at the tips on longitudinal wing veins. It occurs indoors associated with stored foods, herbs, and fruits. It is probably cosmopolitan, and reported from houses along the Pacific coast of the USA, and in households in the UK.

Large-winged psocid, Ectopsocopsis cryptomeriae This species is macropterous, with the wings extending to the tip of the abdomen. Itis nearly cosmopolitan, and has been recorded from stored foods in tropical and neotropical regions.

Ectopsocus richardsi (Fig. 15.2g) This species is associated with stored grain and other dry food material. The adults are brachypterous; the head is brown, and the body is pale brown. The female subgenital plate has a single median lobe. Itis nearly cosmopolitan. Related species, E. pumilis and E. maindroni, are known from tropical and subtropical regions, and are associated with stored food indoors. The adults are macropterous, and the body is pale yellow to light brown; the color pattern of the abdomen is not distinctly annulate.

Ectopsocopsis vachoni This species is widely distributed in the subtropics. The wings of the female lack spots, and a pterostigma is absent; the body is reddish brown; the abdomen has reddish-brown segments on a pale brown background. The males are apterous.

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