Bernath, R. F. and T. H. Kunz. Structure and dynamics of arthropod communities in bat guano deposits in buildings. Can. J. Zool., 59 (1981), 260-70.

Britton, W. E. The Hemiptera or sucking lice of Connecticut. Conn.

State Geol. Nat. Hist. Surv. Bull., 34 (1923), 807. Brooks, A. R. and L. A. Kelton. Aquatic and semiaquatic Heteroptera of Alberta, Saskatchewan, andManitoba (Hemiptera). Mem. Ento-mol. Soc. Can., 51 (1967), 1-92.

China, W. E. and N. C. E. Miller. Check-list and keys to the families and subfamilies ofthe Hemiptera-Heteroptera. Bull. Br. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Entomol., 8 (1959), 1-45.

Dolling, W. R. The Hemiptera. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Groves, E. W. Hemiptera-Heteroptera of the London area. Part IV London Nat., 46 (1967), 82-104.

Henry, T. J. and R. C. Froeschner. Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1988.

Herring, J. L. and P. D. Ashlock. A key to the nymphs of the families of Hemiptera (Heteroptera) of America north of Mexico. Fla. Entomol., 54 (1971), 207-13.

Hocking, B. Blood-sucking behavior of terrestrial arthropods. Annu. Reu. Entomol., 16 (1971), 1-26.

Hsiao, T., S. Ren, L. Zheng et al. A Handbook for the Determination of the Chinese Hemiptera-Heteroptera (in Chinese). Beijing: Academia Sinica, 1977.

Hurlburt, S. H., G. Rodreguez, and N. Dios dos Santos. Aquatic Biota of Tropical South America. Part I. Arthropoda. San Diego, CA: San Diego State University, 1981.

Lawson, F. A. Identification of the nymphs of the common families of Hemiptera. J. Kansas Entomol. Soc., 32 (1959), 88-92.

Miller, N. C. E. The Biology of the Heteroptera. London: Leonard Hill, 1956.

Parshley, H. M. On some Hemiptera from Western Canada. Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool., Univ. Michigan, 71 (1919), 1-35.

P6ricart, J. Himepfexes, Anthocoridae, Cimicidae, Microphysidae de l'Ouest-Palearctique. Fauna de l'Europe et du Bassin Mediterranean, vol. 7. Paris, France: Masson, 1972.

Ryckman, R. E. 1979. Host reactions to bug bites (Hemiptera, Homoptera): a literature review and annotated bibliography Part I. Calif. Vector Views, 26 (1979), 1-24.

Ryckman, R. E. and D. G. Bently. Host reactions to bug bites (Hemiptera, Homoptera); a literature review and annotated bibliography. PartII. Calif. VectorViews, 26 (1979), 25-49.

Slater, J. A. and R. M. Baranowski. How to Know theTrueBugs (Hemiptera-Homoptera). Dubuque, IA: Wm. C. Brown, 1978.

Southwood, T. R. E. and D. Leston. Land and Water Bugs of the British Isles. London: Frederick Warne, 1959.

Usinger, R. L. Blood sucking among phytophagous Hemiptera. Can. Entomol., 66 (1934), 97-100.

Aquatic Insects of California, With Keys to North American Genera and California Species. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1956.

Weber, H. Biologie der Hemipteren. Amsterdam: Asher, 1968.

Zimmerman, E. C. Insects of Hawaii, vol. 3, Heteroptera. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1948.

Anthochoridae, Belostomatidae

Atkinson, M. D. Reports of human biting by the flower bug, Antho-corisnemorum (L.) (Hem., Anthocoridae). Entomol. Mon. Mag., 126 (1990), 96.

Cullen, M. J. The biology ofgiant water bugs (Hemiptera: Belostom-atidae) in Trinidad. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond.Proc., A44 (1969), 123-6.

DeCarlo, J. A. Considerationes sobre la biologia de Lethocerus mazzani. DeCarlo. Psyche, 23 (1962), 143-51.

Dolling, W. R. Dufouriellus ater (Dufour) (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) biting industrial workers in Britain. Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg., 71 (i977),355.

Duviard, D. Flight activity of Belostomaticae in central Ivory Coast. Oecologica, 15 (1974), 321-8.

Herring, J. L. Keys to genera of Anthocoridae of America north of Mexico, with description of a new genus (Hemiptera: Heteroptera). Fla. Entomol., 59 (1976), 143-50.

Hoffman, W. E. Studies on the bionomics of the water bug Lethocerus indicus (Hemiptera: Belostomatidae) in China. Verh. Int. Verein. Theor. Angew. Limnol., 5 (1931), 661-7.

Kelton, L. A. The Anthocoridae of Canada and Alaska (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae). The Insects and Arachnids of Canada, Part 4. Ottawa: Canadian Government Publishing Centre, 1978.

Ledger, J. A., J. B. Rossiter, and J. M. Ossthuizen. Anthocorid bug bites in a Transval goldmine. A case report. South Afr. Med. J., 62 (i982), 69-70.

Melanby, K. The physiology and activity of the bed-bug (Cimex lectularius L.) in a natural infestation. Parasitology, 31 (1939), 200-ii.

Menke, A. S. A review of the genus Lethocerus in North and Central America, including the West Indies (Hemiptera: Belostomatidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am., 56 (1963), 261-7.

Smith, K. G. V. Hemiptera (Anthocoridae and Miridae) biting man. Entomol. Mon. Mag., 126 (1990), 96.

Stys, P. Cases of facultative parasitism ofLyctocorinae (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae) on man in Czechlosvakia. Folia Parasitol. (Praha), 20 (1973), 103-4.

cimicidae, Corixidae, Cydindae

Aboul-Nasr, A. E. and M. A. S. Erakey. Behaviour and sensory physiology of the bedbug, Cimex lectularius L. to some environmental factors. Chemoreception (Hemiptera-Heteroptera: Cimicidae). Bull. Soc. Entomol. Egypt, 52 (1958), 353-62.

Back, E. A. Bat bug (Cimix pilosellus Horv.). US Dept. Agric. Insect Pest. Serv. Bull., 20 (1940), 359.

Bell, W. and C. W. Schaefer. Longevity and egg production of female bed bugs, Cimex lectularius, fed various blood fractions and other substances. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am., 59 (1966), 53-6.

Bhat, H. R. A review of Indian Cimicidae (Hemiptera-Heteroptera). Orient. Insects, 8 (1974), 545-50.

Burton, G. J. Bedbugs in relation to transmission ofhuman disease. Public Health Rep., 78 (1963), 513-24.

Cragg, F. W. Observations on the bionomics of the bedbug (Cimex lectularius L.), with special reference to the relation of the sexes. Ind.J. Med. Res., 11 (1923), 449-73.

Crissey, J. T. Bedbugs: an old problem with a new dimension. Int. J. Dermatol., 20 (1981), 411-14.

Decoursey, R. M. Keys to the families and subfamilies of the nymphs of North American Hemiptera-Heteroptera. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash., 73 (1971), 413-28.

Dickerson, G. and M. M. J. Lavoipierre. Studies on the methods of feeding of blood-sucking arthropods: II. The methods of feeding adopted by the bed-bug (Cimex lectularius) when obtaining a blood-meal from the mammalian host. Ann. Trop. Med. Parasitol.,

Eads, R. B., D. B. Fancy, and G. C. Smith. 1980. The swallow bug, Oecia-cus vicarius Horvath (Hemiptera: Cimicidae), a human household pest. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash., 85 (1980), 853-4.

Girault, A. A. The bedbug, Clinocoris (= Cimex = Acanthia = Klinopi-los) lectularia Linnaeus. Part I. Life-history at Paris, Texas, with biological notes, and some considerations on the present state of our knowledge concerning it. Psyche, 12 (1905), 61-74.

The bedbug, Cimex lectularius Linneaus. Part II. Critical remarks on its literature, with a history and bibliography of pathogenic relations. Psyche, 13 (1906), 42-58.

Preliminary studies on the biology of the bedbug, Cimex lectularius. II. Facts obtained concerning the duration of its different stages. J. Econ. Biol., 7 (1912), 163-88.

1914. Preliminary studies on the biology of the bedbug, Cimex lectularius, Linn. J. Econ. Biol., 9 (1914), 25-45.

Hungerford, H. B. The Corixidae of the western hemisphere. Univ. Kan. Sci. Bull., 32 (1948), 1-827.

Johnson, C. G. The ecology of the bed-bug, Cimex lectularius L., in Britain.J. Hygiene, 41 (1941), 345-461.

Jupp, P. G. and S. F. Lyons. Experimental assessment of bed-bugs (Cimex lectularius and Cimex hemipterus) and mosquitoes (Aedes aegypti Jormosus) as vectors of human immunodeficiency virus. AIDS, 1 (1987), 171-4.

Jupp, P. G. and S. E. McElligott. Transmission experiments with hepatitis B surface antigen and the common bedbug (Cimex lectularius L.). South AJr. Med. J., 56 (1979), 54-7.

Lee, R. D. The biology of the Mexican chicken bug, Haematosiphon inodorus (Dugas) (Hemiptera: Cimicidae).Pan-PaáJicEntomol., 31 (l955) 47-61.

Levinson, H. Z. and A. R. Bar Ilan. Assembling and alerting scents produced bythe bedbug, Cimex lectularius L. Experientia, 27 (1971), 102-3.

Mail, G. A. Infestation ofa high school by Oeciacus vicarius Horv. J. Econ. Entomol., 33 (1940), 949.

Marinkelle, C. J. Cimex hemipterus (Fabr.) from bats in Columbia, South America (Hemiptera: Cimicidae). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash., 69 (1967), 179-80.

Myers, L. E. The American swallow bug, Oeciacus vicarius Hovarth (Hemiptera, Cimicidae). Parasitology, 20 (1928), 159-72.

Nagem, R. L. Ocorrencia de Cimex lectularius L., 1758 (Hemiptera: Cimicidae) em algumas habitacoes humanes de Belo Horizonte e municipios vizinhos. Rev. Bras. Entomol., 29 (1985), 217-20.

Negromonte, M. R. S., P. M. Linardi, and R. L. Nagem. Prevalencia, intensidade e fluxo da infestacao pro Cimex lectularius L., 1758 (Hemiptera, Cimicidae) em uma comunidade de Belo Horizonte, MG. Rev. Bras. Entomol., 35 (1991), 715-20.

Newberry, K. The effects on domestic infestations of Cimex lectularius bedbugs of interspecific mating with C. hemipterus. Med. Vet. Entomol., 3 (1989), 407-14.

Newberry, K. and E. J. Jansen. The common bedbug Cimex lectular-ius in African huts. Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg., 80 (1986), 653-8.

Newberry, K. and Z. M. Mchumu. Changes in the relative frequency of infestations of two sympatric species of bedbugs in northern Natal and KwaZulu, South Africa. Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg., 83 (1989), 262-4.

Newberry, K., Z. M. Mchumu, and S. Q. Cebekhulu. Bedbug reinfestation rates in rural Africa. Med. Vet. Entomol., 5 (1991), 503-5.

Ogston, C. W., F. S. Wittenstein, W. T. London, and I. Millman. Persistence of hepatitisB surface antigen in the bedbug, Cimex hemipterus Fabr. J. Infect. Dis., 140 (1979), 411-14.

Omori, N. Experimental studies on the cohabitation and crossing of two species of bedbugs, Cimex lectularius L. and Cimex hemipterus (F.) and on the effects of interchanging males of one species for the other, every alternate day, upon the fecundity and longevity of females ofeach species. ActaJpn. Med. Trop., 1 (1939), I27-54.

Overal, W. L. and L. R. Wingate. The biology of the bat bug Stricticimex antennatus (Hemiptera: Cimicidae) in South Africa. Ann. Natal Mus., 22 (1976), 821-8.

Rafatjah, H. The problem of resurgent bed-bug infestation in malaria eradication programmes. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 74 (1971), 53-6.

Ryckman, R. E., D. G. Bently, and E. F. Archbold. The Cimicidae of the Americas and oceanic islands: a checklist and bibliography. Soc. Vector Ecol. Bull., 6 (1981), 93-142.

Spencer, G. J. The status of the barn swallow bug, Oeaacus vicarius Horvath. Can. Entomol., 62 (1930), 20-1.

The bedbugs of British Columbia. Proc. Entomol. Br. Columb., 39

Taki, R., T. Yamaguchi and T. Kurihara. Mass occurrence of Aethus indicus (Hemiptera: Cydnidae) as a house-frequenting pest in the Amami islands. Jpn.J. Sanit. Zool., 26 (1975), 61-3.

Usinger, R. L. Monograph of Cimicidae (Hemiptera-Heteroptera), vol. 7. Entomological Society of America, College Park, MD: Thomas Say Foundation, 1966.

Usinger, R. L. and D. Povolny. The discovery of a possibly aboriginal population ofthe bed bug (Cimex lectularius Linnaeus, 1758). Acta Mus. Moravia, 51 (1966), 237-41.


Al-Houty, W. Nysius (Hem., Lygaeidae) sucking human blood in Kuwait. Entomol. Mon. Mag., 126 (1990), 95-6.

Lewis, D. J. Hemiptera of medical interest in the Sudan Republic. Proc. R. Entomol. Soc. A, 33 (1958), 43-7.

Wheeler, A. G. Jr. Biology ofthe Plant Bugs. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 200I.

Naucoridae, Nepidae, Notonectidae

Bisht, R. S. and S. M. Das. Observation on aquatic insects as food of fishes and the predatory action of some aquatic insects on fish and fish food. J. Inland Fish. Soc. India, 13 (1981), 80-6.

Constantz, G. D. The mating behavior of a creeping water bug, Ambry-susoccidentalis (Hemiptera:Naucoridae). Am. Mid. Nat., 92 (1974), 234-9.

Gittleman, S. H. The ecology of some Costa Rican backswimmers (Hemiptera: Notonectidae). Entomol. Soc. Am. Ann., 68 (1975), 511-18.

Lansbury, I. A review of the oriental species of Ranata Fabricius (Hemiptera-Heteroptera: Nepidae). Tijdschr. Entomol., 116 (1972), 84-106.

LaRivers, I. A revision of the genus Ambrysus in the United States (Hemiptera: Naucoridae). Univ. Calif. Publ. Entomol., 8 (1950), 277-338.

Radinovsky, S. Cannibal of the pond. Natural Hist., 73 (1964), 16-25.

Rao, T. K. R. On the biology ofRanata elongata Fabr. (Heteroptera: Nepidae) and Sphaerodema annulatum Fabr. (Heteroptera: Belostomatidae). Proc. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. A, 37 (1962), 61-4.

Sites, R. W. andB. J. Nichols. Life history and descriptions ofimmature stages of Ambrysus lunatus lunatus (Hemiptera: Naucoridae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am., 83 (1990), 800-8.

Sites, R. W. and J. T. Polhemus. Nepidae of the United States and Canada. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am., 87 (1994), 27-42.

Tawfik, M. F. S., M. M. El-Hussieni, and H. A. Bakr. Ecological observations on aquatic insects attacking mosquitoes in Egypt. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Egypt, 66 (1986), 117-26.

Pentatomidae, Psyllidae

Azeez, S. A. Mass invasion of Carbula pedalis Bergr. (Pentatomidae) and its control in Bulassa N. W. State. Nigerian Entomol. Mag., 2 (1972), 125-6.

Barrera, M. Fauna del Nordoeste argentino. Observaciones biologicas sobre Antiteuchus variolosus Westwood (Hemiptera-Pentatomidae). Acta Zool. Lillioana, 30 (1973), 141-62.

Beckwith, R. D. Notes on the hackberry blister gall, Pachypsylla celtidis-vesicula. Sci. TreeTopics, 2 (1959), 21-2.

Linnavuori, R. Hemiptera of the Sudan, with remarks on species of the adjacent countries, 5. Pentatomidae. Boil. Soc. Port. Cienc. Nat.,

Thomas, D. B., J. E. Eger, W. Jones, and G. Ortega-Leon. The African cluster bug, Agonoscelis puberula (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae), established in the New World. Fla. Entomol., 86 (2003), 151-3.

Watanabe, M. House-invading stink bugs and its anti-invading methods. Household Insect Pests, 17 (1995), 119-30.

Yang, W. I. Economic InsectFauna of China: Fascicle. 2. Hemiptera, Pentatomidae. Beijing: Academia Sinica Science Press.


Ambrose, D. P. Assassin Bugs. New Hampshire: Science Publishers, Enfield, 1999.

Balahov, Yu. S. Interaction between blood-sucking arthropods and their hosts, and its influence on vector potential. Annu. Rev. Entomol., 29 (1984), 137-56.

Barber, G. W. On the bite ofArilus cristatus. J. Econ. Entomol., 12 (1919), 466.

Beard, R. L.The biology ofAnasa tristis DeGeerwith particularreference to the tachinid parasite, Trichopoda pennipes Fabr. Conn. Agric. Exp. Stn. Bull., 440 (1940), 595-679.

Brener, Z. Biology ofTrypanosoma cruzi. AnnuRev. Microbiol., 27 (1973), 347-82.

Buxton, P. A. The biology of a blood-sucking bug, Rhodnius prolixus.

Trans. Entomol. Soc. Lond., 78 (1930), 227-36. Canale, D. M., M. C. Cecere, R. Chuit, and R. E. GUrtler. Peridomestic distribution ofTriatoma garciabesi and Triatoma guasayana in northwest Argentina. Med. Vet. Entomol., 14 (2000), 383-90. Caracavallo, R. U. and A. Martinez. Life cycles of some species of Triatoma (Hemiptera: Reduviidae). Can. Entomol., 104 (1972),

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